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Specijalna edukacija i rehabilitacija
2017, vol. 16, br. 1, str. 55-72
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 01/06/2017
doi: 10.5937/specedreh16-12656
Creative Commons License 4.0
Odnos radne memorije i kapaciteta samokontrole kod ispitanika sa lakom intelektualnom ometenošću
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju

e-adresa: bojanducic@yahoo.com

Projekat

Kreiranje Protokola za procenu edukativnih potencijala dece sa smetnjama u razvoju kao kriterijuma za izradu individualnih obrazovnih programa (MPNTR - 179025)

Sažetak

Radna memorija se aktivira u situacijama u kojima je potrebno aktivno kontrolisanje usmeravanja pažnje, obrađivanje i kratkoročno održavanje informacija dostupnim. Njen sadržaj je ograničenog kapaciteta i menja se u skladu sa kontekstom u kom se odvija aktivnost. Samokontrola predstavlja kapacitet voljnog svesnog napora da se istraje u realizaciji unapred postavljenog cilja. Cilj istraživanja je da se utvrdi odnos verbalnog i vizuospacijalnog aspekta radne memorije i veština samokontrole kod osoba sa lakom intelektualnom ometenošću (IO). Uzorkom je obuhvaćeno 40 ispitanika uzrasta od 8 do 12 godina (AS=10,65, SD=1,19). Zadatak Pamćenje lavirinta, prilagođen za ispitanike sa IO, upotrebljen je da bi se utvrdio kapacitet vizuospacijalnog aspekta radne memorije. Za procenu verbalnog aspekta radne memorije upotrebljen je zadatak Pamćenje životinja, a nivo usvojenosti veština samokontrole ispitan je primenom Skale za procenu samokontrole. Utvrđeno je da je verbalni aspekt radne memorije značajno povezan sa nivoom usvojenosti veština samokontrole (p=0,002). Rezultati na zadatku za procenu kapaciteta vizuospacijalne radne memorije i uspeh na skali za procenu kapaciteta samokontrole nisu bili značajno povezani (p=0,089). Povezanost samokontrole sa verbalnim aspektom radne memorije može se tumačiti bliskim vezama upotrebe govora u primeni strategija za regulaciju sopstvenog ponašanja.

Ključne reči

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