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Specijalna edukacija i rehabilitacija
2016, vol. 15, br. 3, str. 215-238
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 15/12/2016
doi: 10.5937/specedreh15-12297
Creative Commons License 4.0
Egzekutivne funkcije i inteligencija kod dece tipičnog razvoja
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju

e-adresa: natasabuha@fasper.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Kreiranje Protokola za procenu edukativnih potencijala dece sa smetnjama u razvoju kao kriterijuma za izradu individualnih obrazovnih programa (MPNTR - 179025)

Sažetak

S obzirom na konceptualnu sličnost egzekutivnih funkcija i inteligencije, cilj istraživanja je da se utvrdi njihov međusoban odnos u populaciji dece tipičnog razvoja. Uzorkom je obuhvaćeno 114 dece, oba pola (59/51,8% devojčica), uzrasta 8,7-10,8 godina (AS=9,80; SD=0,57). Za procenu egzekutivnih funkcija korišćeni su Stroop Test (Dodrilova verzija), Kreni-stani zadatak, Raspon rečenica, Raspon cifara unazad, Izbaci uljeza, Raspon figura unazad, Viskonsin test sortiranja karata, Test 20 pitanja i Londonska kula, dok su za procenu inteligencije upotrebljene Ravenove progresivne matrice. Rezultati su statistički obrađeni primenom proste (Pirsonov koeficijent linearne korelacije) i parcijalne korelacije. Analizom rezultata utvrđeno je da inteligencija nisko do umereno korelira sa varijablama svih primenjenih zadataka egzekutivnih funkcija, i u verbalnom i u neverbalnom domenu (p≤0,000-0,05). Inhibitorna kontrola, kognitivna fleksibilnost i sposobnost planiranja koreliraju sa fluidnom inteligencijom u rangu od r=0,20-0,30, dok se veza sa radnom memorijom kreće u rangu od r=0,40-0,50. Dobijeni rezultati potvrđuju stav da su inteligencija i egzekutivne funkcije različiti konstrukti, bez obzira na njihovu konceptualnu sličnost.

Ključne reči

egzekutivne funkcije; inteligencija; tipična populacija

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