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Specijalna edukacija i rehabilitacija
2011, vol. 10, br. 1, str. 77-92
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
Razvoj auditivne pažnje
aInstitut za eksperimentalnu fonetiku i patologiju govora, Beograd
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju

e-adresa: <vilhi@sezampro.rs>

Projekat

Interdisciplinarna istraživanja kvaliteta verbalne komunikacije (MPNTR - 178027)

Sažetak

Rad predstavlja pregled razvojnih istraživanja u okviru auditivne pažnje i njenih glavnih komponenti. Za razliku od vizuelne pažnje odojčadi i dece, istraživanja auditivne pažnje kod najmlađe populacije su daleko manje prisutna. Međutim, poslednja dekada beleži porast istraživanja posebno onih koja primenjuju elektrofiziološke parametre. Pregled počinje prikazom Posnerovog rada koji je rezultirao uticajnim neuropsihološkim modelom pažnje. U okviru prikaza auditivne pažnje, predstavljamo osnovne komponente ove funkcije, sa akcentom na selektivnu auditivnu pažnju i MMN kao njen glavni elektrofiziološki korelat. U zaključku se oslanjamo na psihološki nivo interpretacije razvojnih promena u auditivnoj pažnji. Ovaj nivo pokazuje međusobnu povezanost svih komponenti pažnje, kao i vezu auditivne pažnje sa kognitivim i emocionalnim dimenzijama ličnosti.

Ključne reči

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