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Medicinski pregled
2019, vol. 72, br. 3-4, str. 61-65
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 03/06/2020
doi: 10.2298/MPNS1904061M
Kvalitet života žena sa genitalnim bradavicama
Klinički centar Vojvodine, Klinika za ginekologiju i akušerstvo, Novi Sad

e-adresa: ljiljana.mladenovic.segedi@mf.uns.ac.rs

Sažetak

Uvod. Cilj našeg rada bio je da se ispita kvalitet života žena sa genitalnim bradavicama. Materijal i metode. Za merenje kvaliteta života korišćena su tri upitnika: generički upitnik - the generic questionnaire European Quality of Life index version 5D, specifičan za bolest upitnik - disease-specific questionnaire for Condylomata Acuminata i Dermatology life quality index. Rezultati. Prosečna starost ispitanica bila je 29,72 +/-8,54 godine. Genitalne bradavice su najčešće bile lokalizovane na vulvi (33,8%), vulvi i vagini (22,54%). Srednja vrednost visual analogue scale iznosila je 0,37 +/-20,8. Srednja vrednost specific questionnaire for Condylomata Acuminata-10 iznosila je 26,61 +/-10,09. Ispitanice sa višim skorovima u specific questionnaire for Condylomata Acuminata-6 and -10 upitniku procenjivale su svoj kvalitet života kao bolji (specific questionnaire for Condylomata Acuminata-10: r = 0,251; p < 0,05) (specific questionnaire for Condylomata Acuminata-6: r = 0,263; p < 0,05). Srednja vrednost Dermatology life quality index upitnika iznosila je 6,42 +/-5,82. Anksioznost, zabrinutost i depresivnost ispoljavalo je oko 81,4% ispitanica, dok je 64,8% ispitanica osećalo sram i nesigurnost. Oko 54,3% se žalilo na bol i nelagodnost u genitalnoj regiji, dok je 57,7% ispitanica osećalo svrab i peckanje. Kod oko 50,7% ispitanica prisustvo genitalnih bradavica je negativno uticalo na njihov odnos sa partnerom dok se kod 62,1% ispitanica javio problem u vezi sa seksulanim odnosima. Zaključak. Naše istraživanje je pokazalo da prisustvo genitalnih bradavica negativno utiče na emocionalnu i seksualnu dimenziju kvaliteta života. Neophodno je sprovođenje bolje edukacije stanovništva u vezi sa infekcijom humanim papiloma virusom i zaštitom od infekcije.

Ključne reči

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