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Acta medica Medianae
2016, vol. 55, br. 2, str. 5-11
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
doi:10.5633/amm.2016.0201

Creative Commons License 4.0
Specifičnost ispoljavanja unipolarne depresije u odnosu na pol ispitanika
aMedicinski fakultet, Niš + Klinika za zaštitu mentalnog zdravlja, Klinički centar, Niš
bKlinika za zaštitu mentalnog zdravlja, Klinički centar, Niš
cSpecijalna psihijatrijska bolnica 'Gornja Toponica', Niš

e-adresa: okac55@gmail.com

Sažetak

Poznato je da se depresija oko dva puta češće javlja kod žena nego kod muškaraca. Međutim, podaci o kliničkoj slici i toku bolesti kod muškaraca i kod žena su nekonzistentni. Cilj našeg istraživanja bio je da utvrdimo da li postoje i koje su razlike u simptomatologiji i toku unipolarne depresije kod žena i muškaraca. U ispitivanje je uključeno 84 ispitanika obolela od unipolarne depresije koji su podeljeni prema polu na dve grupe: grupa muškaraca koja je sadržala 20 ispitanika i grupa sa ženskim ispitanicima u kojoj je bilo 64 obolele osobe. Primenjeni su opšti semistrukturisani upitnici sa pitanjima o toku unipolarne depresije i sociodemografskim podacima, The Patient Health Questionnaire-9, The Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), Cambridge Depersonalization Scale (CDS) i Beck Anxiety Inventory. Po pitanju simptoma koji se javljaju u okviru unipolarne depresije, među polovima nije nađena statistički značajna razlika. Muškarci su imali tendenciju ka nešto većoj učestalosti anhedonije i hostilnosti, dok su žene imale tendenciju ka učestalije prisutnom poremećaju sna i padu energije. Po pitanju toka bolesti utvrđeno je da postoji statistički značajna razlika po pitanju starosti na početku bolesti (M:Ž=43,9:34,72 godine) i učestalosti epizoda (muškarci su imali učestalije epizode). Muškarci i žene oboleli od unipolarne depresije se razlikuju po toku, ali ne i po kliničkom ispoljavanju unipolarne depresije.

Ključne reči

major depresija; pol; anksioznost; depersonalizacija

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