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2020, vol. 49, br. 4, str. 53-66
Deca sa posebnim potrebama u stomatološkoj ordinaciji
aDom zdravlja Jagodina
bPrivatna stomatološka ordinacija "Dr Bora", Pirot
cUniverzitet u Beogradu, Stomatološki fakultet, Klinika za dečiju i preventivnu stomatologiju

e-adresaana.vukovic@stomf.bg.ac.rs
Sažetak
Kod osoba sa smetnjama u razvoju prisutan je nesklad između očekivanih aktivnosti i njihovih mogućnosti, što ograničava ili onemogućava učestvovanje u mnogim segmentima života u poređenju sa njihovim zdravim vršnjacima. Zbog toga je potreban poseban pristup u stomatološkoj ordinaciji prilikom plana i izvođenja stomatološkog tretmana. Uloga stomatologa u održavanju i unapređenju zdravlja usta i zuba kroz primenu adekvatnih i redovnih preventivnih, profilaktičkih i terapijskih mera kod osoba sa posebnim potrebama izuzetno je važna, jer ishod stomatološkog preventivnog ili terapijskog tretmana kod pripadnika ove osetljive i često stigmatizovane grupe pacijenata treba da bude isti kao kod zdravih vršnjaka prema deklaraciji o ljudskim pravima Ujedinjenih nacija. Uz poznavanje karakteristika opšteg oboljenja, potrebno je da stomatolog poseduje određena znanja i veštine iz oblasti psihologije kako bi prilagodio svoj pristup potrebama pacijenta. Rad na unapređenju i očuvanju oralnog zdravlja dece s posebnim potrebama uključuje rad stomatologa na nivou primarne, sekundarne i tercijarne zdravstvene zaštite u zavisnosti od potreba i mogućnosti pacijenta. Timski rad i multidisciplinarni pristup, uz saradnju stručnjaka različitih profila i specijalnosti, je jedini pristup koji daje zadovoljavajuće rezultate.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/zdravzast49-27433
primljen: 08.07.2020.
revidiran: 05.11.2020.
prihvaćen: 06.12.2020.
objavljen onlajn: 09.12.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.12.2020.