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2015, vol. 60, br. 3, str. 369-380
Mogućnost uzgajanja i iskorišćavanja jestive gume iz biljke (Dorema ammoniacum D. Don) u uslovima suvog ratarenja
Istraživački centar za poljoprivredne i prirodne resurse u Mešhedu, Mešhed, Iran

e-adresamfaravani@gmail.com
Projekat:
Khorasan Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center

Ključne reči: ammoniacum; guma; uzgajanje useva
Sažetak
Guma ammoniacum (Dorema ammoniacum D. Don) je jedna od najvažnijih prehrambenih, industrijskih i lekovitih biljaka u Iranu koja je uglavnom rasprostranjena u semiaridnim i pustinjskim regionima. Ugrožena je usled neracionalnih mera ubiranja. Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se proceni mogućnost uzgajanja ovog useva u uslovima suvog ratarenja i ispitivanja najboljeg metoda rada za sakupljanje smole gume. Stoga su proučavani uticaji različitih metoda skarifikacije - zasecanja (tradicionalni, konkavni, stepenasti) i učestalosti zasecanja (5, 10 i 13 puta) na prinos gume petogodišnjih biljaka na farmi Torok u Mešhedu. Tretmani su ispitivani u eksperimentu postavljenom po planu podeljenih parcela koje su raspoređene po potpuno slučajnom rasporedu u tri ponavljanja. Mereni su uspešnost proizvodnje gume iz korena i stepen preživljavanja biljaka u godinama posle zasecanja, a dobijeni podaci su analizirani. Rezultati istraživanja nisu pokazali značajne razlike među metodama zasecanja (p<0,05). Prinos gume je bio uslovljen učestalošću zasecanja i najviši prinos je dobijen (p<0,01) kod 13 zasecanja sa 31,67 g/biljci. Najniži prinosi gume su dobijeni kod 5 zasecanja sa 5,84 g/biljci. Tradicionalan metod zasecanja je uništio pupoljke i izazvao uginuće biljke (p<0,01). Odgovarajući prinosi gume i stepen regeneracije biljaka koji su bili postignuti upotrebom metode stepenastog zasecanja, te mogućnost jednostavne primene ovog metoda uzgoja preporučuju ga za poljoprivrednu (farmersku) proizvodnju i ostale korisnike.
Reference
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: prethodno saopštenje
DOI: 10.2298/jas1503369g
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 25.10.2015.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman