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Kultura
2017, br. 157, str. 129-144
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/kultura1757129M


Kulturni činioci karošija i karo-đisatsua
Institut društvenih nauka, Beograd

Projekat

Strukturne, društvene i istorijske promene srpskog društva u kontekstu evropskih integracija i globalizacije (MPNTR - 179039)

Sažetak

U radu se razmatraju kulturni činioci smrtnosti usled preterano dugog rada u Japanu Tzv. karoši (smrt usled preterano dugog rada) i tzv. karo-đisatsu (samoubistvo usled preterano dugog rada) imaju tendenciju porasta učestalosti. Iako su ove pojave donekle rasprostanjene i u drugim zemljama, u Japanu je ubedljivo najveća učestalost, što u cilju objašnjenja nameće potrebu za preisptivanjem tamošnjih specifičnosti. U literaturi se ove pojave najčešće objašnjavaju ekonomskim činiocima. Iako kulturne specifičnosti Japana takođe mogu predstavljati važne činioce ovih pojava, u literaturi im nije prepoznat značaj. Stoga su u radu razmotrene pojedine karakterstike japanske kulture koje mogu biti bitne za ove pojave. U tom smislu, prvenstveno se ističu održavanje harmoničnih odnosa sa drugima (unutar firme) i lojalnost (firmi), kao neke od ključnih vrednosti japanske (radne) kulture.

Ključne reči

kultura; karoši; karo-đisatsu; Japan

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