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Megatrend revija
2019, vol. 16, br. 1, str. 173-192
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/MegRev1901173J

Creative Commons License 4.0
Pristupanje Kine Svetskoj trgovinskoj organizaciji - proces i efekti
Institut za međunarodnu politiku i privredu, Beograd

e-adresa: sanja@diplomacy.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Srbija u savremenim međunarodnim odnosima: Strateški pravci razvoja i učvršćivanja položaja Srbije u međunarodnim integrativnim procesima – spoljnopolitički, međunarodni ekonomski, pravni i bezbednosni aspekti (MPNTR - 179029)

Sažetak

Cilj rada je da predstavi i pokuša da objasni promene koje su nastale u trgovini i privredi Kine tokom pristupanja i tokom članstva u Svetskoj trgovinskoj organizaciji. Rad čine četiri celine i zaključak. Na početku su ukratko predstavljeni pregovori Kine sa GATT, kao i glavne prepreke zbog kojih ovi pregovori nisu dovedeni do kraja. Drugi deo je posvećen pregovorima za članstvo u STO i najvažnijim promenama kroz koje je privreda Kine prošla da bi ispunila uslove za članstvo. Ovde su pomenute najvažnije prepreke članstvu kao i privredne reforme i porast privatnog sektora u Kini. Treći deo je posvećen tome kako se Kina po pristupanju u STO uključila odmah i u Doha razvojnu rundu pregovora. Ova zemlja je postala i članica više pregovaračkih grupa u okviru STO, a u međuvremenu potpisala i pojedine STO sporazume. Takođe, Kina je i više puta prošla kroz reviziju svoje trgovinske politike, što je periodična obaveza svake članice STO. U poslednjem delu su opisane najvažnije promene u trgovini Kine koje su nastupile po punopravnom članstvu u STO koristeći sve prednosti ovoga članstva. Kina je tokom šesnaest godina svoga članstva u STO postigla nikada do tada viđenu brzinu trgovinskog rasta, što ju je dovelo po vodećih pozicija u svetskoj trgovini. Na kraju zaključujemo da se Kina u potpunosti integrisala u svetku privredu i da je pristupanje Svetskoj trgovinskoj organizaciji imalo veliku ulogu u tome.

Ključne reči

Kina; STO; GATT; pristupanje; ekonomija; trgovina; Doha razvojna agenda; pregovori

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