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Medicinski pregled
2017, vol. 70, br. 11-12, str. 345-351
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
objavljeno: 09/03/2018
doi: 10.2298/MPNS1712345S
Savremena nastava anatomije - iskustva Medicinskog fakulteta Novi Sad
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za anatomiju

e-adresa: biljana.srdic-galic@mf.uns.ac.rs

Sažetak

Ekspanzija medicinskog znanja, podržana rapidnim napretkom informaciono-komunikacionih tehnologija dovela je do bitnih izmena koncepta medicinske edukacije i obima i sadržine medicinskog kurikuluma. Nastava predmeta Anatomija podlegla je brojnim restriktivnim merama. U prvom redu došlo je do redukcije broja časova, a potom i do pomeranja težišta sa sistematske i regionalne na kliničku anatomiju, sa ciljem praktične integracije znanja u kliničkim uslovima i razvijanja veštine rešavanja kliničkih problema. Danas se preispituje i opravdanost disekcija kadavera koja predstavlja okosnicu tradicionalne nastave anatomije. Brojni su problemi povezani sa korišćenjem kadavera u nastavi - od njihove dostupnosti, prezervacije, pa do etičke opravdanosti. Disekcija kadavera dobila je alternative u realnim anatomskim modelima, kao i u virtuelnim, multimedijalnim sadržajima - od jednostavnih, linearnih pa do sofisticiranih tehnologija interaktivne, 'proširene', realnosti. Ipak, primenu modernih tehnologija neki ocenjuju kao akt dehumanizacije medicine i kritikuju je kao nedovoljno orijentisanu ka studentu, smatrajući da je opravdana samo kao dopuna klasičnim metodama disekcije i demonstracije na kadaveričnom materijalu. Pred anatomima je delikatan zadatak da integrišu pozitivne aspekte tradicionalne nastave sa modernom, sa ciljem motivacije studenata i obezbeđivanja uslova za bolju retenciju znanja. Ovaj rad se bavi problemima i izazovima sa kojima se sreću predavači savremene nastave predmeta Anatomija iz ugla Zavoda za anatomiju Medicinskog fakulteta Novi Sad.

Ključne reči

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