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Pravni zapisi
2019, vol. 10, br. 2, str. 453-471
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljeno: 10/02/2020
doi: 10.5937/pravzap0-22012
Creative Commons License 4.0
Romi kao žrtve zločina mržnje - savremeni kontekst (slučaj Italije)
aUniverzitet u Nišu, Pravni fakultet
bUniverzitet u Prištini sa privremenim sedištem u Kosovskoj Mitrovici, Pravni fakultet

e-adresa: darko@prafak.ni.ac.rs, zdravko.grujic@pr.ac.rs, kosticm@prafak.ni.ac.rs

Projekat

Zaštita ljudskih i manjinskih prava u evropskom pravnom prostoru (MPNTR - 179046)

Sažetak

Zločini mržnje predstavljaju specifičan oblik kriminalnog ponašanja kod kojih mržnja prema određenim grupama predstavlja osnovni motiv njihovog izvršenja, odnosno kod kojih predrasuda izvršioca o pripadnosti žrtve određenom kolektivitetu i mržnja prema pripadnicima tog kolektiviteta predstavljaju osnov za vršenje inkriminisanog ponašanja (zločina). Proučavanje istorijskog i savremenog konteksta položaja žrtava zločina mržnje nesporno ukazuje na postojanje grupa čiji su intenzitet viktimiziranosti i vulnerabilnosti izraženiji, a među njima posebno se ističu pripadnici romske populacije. Na početku rada data je društvena i politička pozadina fenomena zločina mržnje prema Romima, dok je centralni deo rada posvećen analizi položaja Roma žrtava zločina mržnje u današnjoj Evropi - kroz primer savremene Italije. Kroz tekst, autori su prezentovali i načine državne reakcije, kao i reakciju Evropske unije, drugih međunarodnih institucija i organizacija na stanje u Italiji. Na kraju rada, data je analiza uspešnosti mera integracije.

Ključne reči

Romi; žrtve; zločini mržnje; viktimološki aspekt

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