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Selekcija i semenarstvo
2020, vol. 26, br. 1, str. 1-8
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljeno: 26/07/2020
doi: 10.5937/SelSem2001001M
Creative Commons License 4.0
Jedan usputni ali i podrobni pogled na genetiku hibridnog potomstva vrsta Pisum sativum i Vavilovia formosa
Novi Sad

e-adresa: aleksandar.mikich@gmail.com

Sažetak

Jedina vrsta roda mahunarki Vavilovia, paleoendemska za oblast Kavkaza i uobičajeno poznata prosto kao Vavilovija (V. formosa) ima izuzetan značaj za evoluciju i filogeniju tribusa Fabeae, s ekonomski najznačajnijim vrstama poput sočiva (Lens spp.) ili graška (Pisum spp). Ovaj rad pokušava da dokuči genetičku pozadinu materijalno izgubljenog, ali i podrobno opisanog, F1 potomstva između Vavilovije i poljskog graška (P. sativum var. arvense) u obe kombinacije ukrštanja, ostvarene u Sveruskom institutu za biljne genetičke resurse N. I. Vavilov (VIR), 1988. godine. Mada, samo sa po jednom biljkom u oba slučaja, dobijeni fenotipovi su jedini poznati ishod međurodnog ukrštanja kod mahunarki, s upečatljivo zanimljivim odlikama poput listova s' tri liske nepostojećih ni kod jednog roditelja, koji nadahnjuje i može da ima koristi za očuvanje Vavilovije i poboljšanje graška i drugih vrsta tribusa.

Ključne reči

citologija; inkompatibilnost; Fabeae; homeologni hromozomi; međurodno ukrštanje; ortologni geni; grašak; Pisum sativum var. arvense; sintenija; Vavilovia formosa

Reference

Novododat članak: provera, normiranje i linkovanje referenci u toku.
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