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Nastava i vaspitanje
2018, vol. 67, br. 1, str. 7-22
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/nasvas1801007K

Creative Commons License 4.0
Inkluzivno obrazovanje iz perspektive nastavnika - uloge, kompetencije i barijere
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Filozofski fakultet

e-adresa: florico@ff.uns.ac.rs

Projekat

Značaj participacije u društvenim mrežama za prilagođavanje evrointegracijskim procesima (MPNTR - 179037)

Sažetak

Razumevanje perspektive nastavnika predstavlja važnu pretpostavku funkcionalnog sprovođenja inkluzije u školama. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se ispitaju percepcije nastavnika o sopstvenim ulogama u obrazovanju učenika sa smetnjama u razvoju, u odnosu na uloge školskih psihologa i pedagoga, njihove percepcije ličnih kompetencija za inkluzivno obrazovanje, kao i procene mogućih barijera u ostvarivanju vaspitno-obrazovne inkluzije. Uzorak su činila 102 nastavnika koji rade u redovnim osnovnim školama, od kojih je 60,8% izjavilo da ima profesionalno iskustvo u radu sa decom sa smetnjama u razvoju. Primenjen je upitnik koji je razvijen za potrebe ovog istraživanja i čije su karakteristike evaluirane eksplorativnom faktorskom analizom. Prema dobijenim rezultatima, nastavnici veruju da školski psiholozi i pedagozi imaju primarnu ulogu u ostvarivanju određenih aspekata inkluzivnog obrazovanja. Nastavnici takođe ukazuju na opšti nedostatak osećaja kompetentnosti za rad sa decom sa smetnjama u razvoju. Kao najveće prepreke inkluzivnom obrazovanju, nastavnici su identifikovali sopstveno inicijalno obrazovanje i negativnu školsku kulturu. Konačno, rezultati su pokazali da ne postoji značajna povezanost iskustva nastavnika s učenicima sa smetnjama u razvoju i dužine radnog iskustva sa percepcijom različitih aspekata inkluzivnog obrazovanja. U zaključnim razmatranjima se ističe da je potrebno da nastavnici prihvate svoje uloge i da se osećaju kompetentno u radu s učenicima sa smetnjama u razvoju. Implikacije istraživanja se odnose na pravce unapređivanja inicijalnog obrazovanja i stručnog usavršavanja nastavnika u domenu inkluzije.

Ključne reči

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