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Funkcija trusta u sistemima civilnog prava u filozofskom kontekstu
Melbourne, Australia

e-adresajohn.glover@rmit.edu.au
Ključne reči: trust; beneficiar; civilno pravo; pragmatizam; C. S. Peirce; anti-formalizam; vrednost-kao-akcija; etika; dekonstrukcija; genealogija; imovinsko pravo
Sažetak
Prateći razvoj trusta od antičke misli o pravičnosti (kod Aristotela), kroz njegovo rasprostranjenje od 17. veka na ovamo, u zemljama sa anglosaksonskim civilnim pravom, autor daje savremeni poststrukturalistički kontekst primeni pravnog instrumenta trusta, čiji se ekvivalent ne nalazi ni u jednom drugom zakonskom sistemu. Već je Aristotel priznao potencijal zakona o pravičnosti da deluje kao korektiv opšteg zakona. Trust je primenjena forma pravičnosti u anglosaksonskim sistemima civilnog prava. Kao doktrina, trust eliminiše razliku koju civilno pravo vidi između imovinskog prava i obligacije i time se trust premešta u domen etike. Funkcionalno, trust služi raznovrsnim svrhama, koje se protežu od brige oko neosposobljenih lica, finansiranja korporacija, poklanjanja novca i imovine u dobrovoljne svrhe i izbegavanja poreze. Anti-formalizam i pragmatizam uramljuju u ovom članku teoretsku osnovu pravnog instrumenta trusta. Trust se ponaša analogno procesu značenja u filozofiji pragmatiste Sanders-Pirsa (Charles Sanders Peirce) i usmeren je na 'rezultate' akcije. Zato se u članku predlaže termin 'value-in-action' (vrednost kao akcija) kao teoretsko objašnjenje trusta. 'Poverenje' se pritom ispoljava kao bitna komponenta moderne trgovine što opet upućuje na etičku orijentaciju trusta. Autor predlaže spekulativno da se etika modernog kapitalizam, koja je nevidljiva, implicitno pomalja kroz zakon pravosuđa, čiji je instrumenat trust.
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jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 23.01.2014.

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