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Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo
2018, vol. 55, br. 2, str. 87-94
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/ratpov55-16706

Creative Commons License 4.0
Akumulacija suve materije ozime pšenice i ječma u različitim rokovima setve
aNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
bUniversity of Banja Luka, Faculty of Agriculture, Banja Luka, Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
cUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresa: vojislava.momcilovic@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs

Projekat

Savremeno oplemenjivanje strnih žita za sadašnje i buduće potrebe (MPNTR - 31066)

Sažetak

Akumulacija suve materije je jedan od najboljih pokazatelja reakcije useva na uticaj genotipa i faktora sredine. Međutim, nedostaju uporedni podaci o rastu pšenice i ječma u uslovima Panonske nizije. Cilj ovog istraživanja je bilo ispitivanje i poređenje akumulacije suve materije pšenice i ječma i utvrđivanja značaja parametara logističke krive u formiranju ukupne biomase. Ogled sa dve sorte dvoredog ozimog ječma i dve sorte ozime pšenice je sejan dve sezone u četiri roka setve. Rezultati ovog ispitivanja ukazuju da je prinos zrna i suve materije bio pod značajnim uticajem roka setve i genotipa u obe sezone. Setva u prvom i drugom roku dala je najveći prinos zrna i biomase. Utvrđena je pozitvna veza između biomase useva i prinosa zrna kod obe vrste. Pšenica i ječam su imali slične tendencije u nakupljanju suve materije. Biomasa u zrelosti je bila u pozitivnoj vezi sa dužinom vegetacionog perioda, a u negativnoj vezi sa procenjenom srednjom apsolutnom brzinom rasta. Rana setva omogućava produženje trajanja različitih faza akumulacije suve materije, dovodeći do značajnog povećanja prinosa i suve materije kod ječma i pšenice.

Ključne reči

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