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Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry
2007, vol. 23, br. 5-6-2, str. 375-382
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 23/01/2008
doi: 10.2298/BAH0702375V
IPM strategija zaštite uskladištenih poljoprivrednih proizvoda od glodara
Institut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd

e-adresa: jokicg@ptt.yu

Sažetak

Osnovni smisao IZB je maksimalna iskorišćenost prirodne regulacije u prevenciji i sprečavanju nastanka šteta, što je u interesu proizvođača, društva i životne sredine. Prema Haines-u (2000), na kraju dvadesetog veka, IZB još uvek nije bila dovoljno razvijena u skladištima poljoprivrednih proizvoda. Podrška razvoja IZB je i upotreba prirodnih jedinjenja za suzbijanje štetnih vrsta glodara. Jedno od njih je i celuloza, sa mehanizmom delovanja različitim u odnosu na druge rodenticidne aktivne materije. Zbog zapažene pojave rezistentnosti na rodenticide na bazi antikoagulanata I i II generacije uvedeni su, po prvi put u svetu, u primenu i preparati na bazi Se (0,1 % natrijum selenita) čiji je mehanizam delovanja zasnovan na zameni SH grupa funkcionalnih enzima S-S grupama. Takođe, smo primenili preparate na bazi vitamina D3 sa poznatim mehanizmom delovanja. Ispoljena je veoma dobra efikasnost novog preparata na bazi Se u suzbijanju pacova (91,10 % i 87,5%) i miševa (97,60% and 98,40%) i na bazi celuloze u suzbijanju miševa (91,66%) u poređenju sa preparatima na bazi vitamina D3 u suzbijanju pacova (90,00% and 90.30 %), i miševa (98,60% and 98,2%), bromadiolona u suzbijanju pacova (93,8% i 90,7%) i miševa (92,86% i 91,9%) i brodifakuma u kontroli miševa (97,06%). Zbog dobre efikasnosti, povoljnih ekoloških svojstava i nepostojanja rezistentnosti preparate na bazi Se bi trebalo što više koristiti u suzbijanju glodara u skladištima.

Ključne reči

celuloza; selen; skladišta poljoprivrednih proizvoda; biološka efikasnost

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