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Bugarski horovi tokom poslednjih 50 godina
(The title is not available in English)
Keywords: Bulgarian choral societies; choral singing; folklore choirs; choirmasters; repertoire; Dobri Hristov
In comparison with Central and Western Europe, Bulgarian choirs began their development relatively late – in the middle of 19th century. The main reason for this was national, hence cultural oppression of the Ottoman Empire, that lasted for five centuries. The first Bulgarian choirs were students’ organized in schools and churches.. In 1896 the composer Angel Bukoreshtliev founded the first choral society, With rather modest repertoire. It performed choruses from romantic period operas, church music by Russian composers, and suites or arrangements based on Bulgarian folk music. Stronger liaisons and association of Bulgarian choirs happened in 1905 when the Bulgarian Musical Union was founded. The initiator was composer Dimitar Hadjigeorgiev, who was editor of the first specialized publication (The Musical Newspaper), and founder of the first Musical School in Bulgaria. The most significant international event of this period was the Festival of the Danube Towns’ Choirs. After the Balkan wars, Bulgarian choir music continued its development achieving a more serious level. Thus, on initiative of the eminent music theoretician and composer Dobri Hristov, in 1926 the Union of Bulgarian Choirs (later Bulgarian Choirs Union) was established. In 1944 Svetoslav Obretenov founded the first professional choir in Bulgaria (Radio Sofia Choir), while in 1967 Marin Chonev organized the first Bulgarian International May Choir Competition. A little more than 50 years ago Bulgarian choirs were enriched with new category – unknown to Central and Western Europe – "folklore" choirs. The first choir of high artistic quality was the State Ensemble for Folk Songs and Dances, founded in 1951 by prominent Bulgarian composer Filip Kutev. From the beginning of the 1990’s the social and economic changes made influence on the development of Bulgarian choirs. Some ensembles have reduced or ended their activities. In spite of that, the traditionally high artistic level of professional choirs has been preserved.


article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
published in SCIndeks: 02/06/2007

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