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2020, vol. 48, br. 4, str. 889-898
Kontrola životne sredine i ispitivanje dinamike kontrole izlaznih parametara motora
aSouth Ural State University, Automobile and Tractor Faculty, Chelyabinsk, Russia + South Ural State Agrarian University, Russia
bSouth Ural State University, Automobile and Tractor Faculty, Chelyabinsk, Russia + Silkway International University, Kazakhstan
cSouth Ural State University, Automobile and Tractor Faculty, Chelyabinsk, Russia
dKostanay Engineering and Economics University named after M. Dulatov, Kazakhstan
eKazan Federal University, Transport Systems Service Department, Russia

e-adresashepelevvd@susu.ru
Projekat:
The work was supported by Act 211 Government of the Russian Federation, contract № 02.A03.21.

Sažetak
Kontrola životne sredine ima ključnu ulogu u modernom transportu prilikom oblikovanja strategije upravljanja tehničkim uslovima čvornih mesta i sistema. Prvi korak u smanjenju toksičnosti emisije izduvnih gasova predstavljalo je uvođenje Euro standarda, počevši od standarda Euro 0 do standarda Euro 6. Zajedno sa uvođenjem Euro standarda sistemi izduvnih gasova su dopunjeni katalitičkim konvertorima koji deaktiviraju veći deo štetne emisije. Senzori kiseonika takođe igraju značajnu ulogu, jer se njihovim instaliranjem dobija povratna informacija. Time se globalna automobilska industrija približila mogućnosti kontrole izlaznih parametara motora. Međutim, ne postoji dovoljan broj parametara, režima rada i dodatnih kontrolnih uređaja za ovu namenu. U radu je prikazan novi metod selektivne kontrole izduvnih gasova u svakom cilindru. Praćeni su sledeći parametri: brzina bregaste osovine, potpuno i delimično isključivanje cilindara (ciklus po ciklus), O2, SO, SO2 i SH. Režim rada je obezbeđen brojem isključenih završenih ciklusa i brzinom bregaste osovine. Kontrola je izvedena unutrašnjim prilagođavanjem dovoda goriva pod uticajem vremena trajanja ubrizgavanja pomoću elektromagnetne brizgaljke. Određene su minimalne vrednosti parametara toksičnosti izduvnih gasova za vreme trajanja ispitivanja. Metod koji objedinjuje režime rada i parametre omogućava smanjenje toksičnosti izduvnih gasova i poboljšava stepen iskorišćenosti i učinak vozila.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/fme2004889G
primljen: 15.04.2020.
prihvaćen: 15.06.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 27.10.2020.
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