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Serbian Journal of Management
2018, vol. 13, br. 1, str. 157-171
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
doi:10.5937/sjm13-12884
Creative Commons License 4.0
Nova metoda evaluacija lokalnog mišićnog opterećenja na radnim mestima u Češkim kompanijama
Tomas Bata University, Zlin, Czech Republic

e-adresa: dombekova@fame.utb.cz

Projekat

The author is thankful to the Internal Grant Agency of FaME TBU No.IGA/FaME/2015/030 (Evaluation model ofergonomic principles in Czech companies)and Internal Grant Agency of FaME TBUNo. RO/2014/03, VaV-IP-RO/2015/03-Ch(Modelling of parameters of efficientproduction and administrative processes inindustrial companies based on the concept ofIndustry 4.0) for financial support to carryout this research

Sažetak

U ovom članku definisana je uloga i pozicija ergonomije, za lokalno merenje opterećenja mišića. Postoje dva glavna dela ergonomije: ukupna fizička opterećenja i opterećenje lokalnih mišića. Metode merenja, predstavljene u ovom radu, zasnovane na korišćenju mišića koriste se uglavnom u Češkoj Republici. U drugim zemljama se merenja lokalnog mišićnog opterećenja vrše uglavnom subjektivno, kroz liste za ocenu (ergonomske kontrolne liste). Međutim, u ovom članku, predstavljene metode su preciznije i objektivnije. U suprotnom, radnik rizikuje izloženost profesionalnim bolestima, ozbiljnim bolestima itd. U tom slučaju, poslodavac se potom izlaže obavezama koje proizilaze iz stvaranja odgovarajućih radnih uslova, kao što su nadoknada, povećani troškovi regrutovanja itd. U Češkoj republici, menadžment se sve više smatra odgovornim za profesionalne bolesti koje proizilaze iz 'lokalnog mišićnog opterećenja' zaposlenih. U svetu, to je poznato i kao povremena povreda (RSI). Kao rezultat toga, neophodno je proceniti lokalno mišićno opterećenje u češkim preduzećima i identifikovati glavne uzroke preopterećenja. U ovom članku autori će predstaviti novu metodologiju za merenje lokalnog mišićnog opterećenja pomoću opreme za akviziciiju podataka. Istraživanje je takođe pokazalo da su granice zdravlja i sigurnosti za lokalno mišićno opterećenje prekoračene na 52% istraživanih radnih mesta. Identifikovani su različiti uzroci i slabosti. Ovo istraživanje bi moglo uticati na te rizike.

Ključne reči

radno mesto; ergonomija; sindrom karpalnog tunela; elektromiografija; registrator podataka; dugotrajno; prekomereno i jednostrano preopterećenje; ponavljajuća povreda stresa (RIS); rotacija posla

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