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Vojnosanitetski pregled
2019, vol. 76, br. 10, str. 1062-1070
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.2298/VSP170417011I

Creative Commons License 4.0
Da li neuromotorna nezrelost predstavlja rizik za usvajanje bazičnih akademskih veština kod dece školskog uzrasta?
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju

e-adresa: veselin.medenica@gmail.com

Sažetak

Uvod/Cilj. Retka su istraživanja koja istražuju prisustvo blagih neuroloških simptoma u smislu neuromotorne nezrelosti i uticaj na sposobnosti usvajanja čitanja, pisanja i računanja. U školskom uzrastu najviše se prati kognitivni razvoj dece opšte populacije, a mnogo manje motorni, te je ovo jedan od bitnih razloga za sprovođenje ovog istraživanja. Cilj ovog rada je bio da se utvrdi da li neuromotorna nezrelost dece predstavlja rizik za usvajanje bazičnih akademskih veština dece u školskom uzrastu. Uobičajeno se ispituje prisustvo disgrafije, disleksije i diskalkulije kod klinički dijagnostikovanih stanja. Metode. Podaci su dobijeni testiranjem. Za procenu neuromotorne zrelosti korišćen je Developmental Screening Test. Kvalitet rukopisa je procenjen prema kriterijumima koje su predložili Simner and Eidlitc. Kvalitet čitanja je procenjen Trodimenzionalnim testom čitanja. Prisustvo poteškoća pri računanju procenjeno je adaptiranim Rumunskim skrining testom za procenu prisustva diskalkulije. Rezultati. Uzorak je prema dobijenim rezultatima podeljen u dve grupe učenika, onih sa i onih bez prisustva neuromotorne nezrelosti. Nađena je statistički značajno veća prevalencija učenika sa poteškoćama čitanja, pisanja i računanja u grupi neuromotorno nezrelih učenika. Zaključak. Dobijeni rezultati nedvosmisleno pokazuju da neuromotorna nezrelost dece predstavlja rizik za usvajanje bazičnih akademskih veština kod dece školskog uzrasta. Zbog toga smatramo da je u školskom uzrastu veoma bitno pratiti i motorni razvoj deteta u istoj meri kao i kognitivni, kako bi se na vreme intervenisalo i kako bi se smanjila mogućnost neuspeha deteta u školi. Potrebna su dalja istraživanja u ovoj oblasti.

Ključne reči

učenje, poremećaji; deca, razvoj; deca; faktori rizika

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