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Zbornik radova Pravnog fakulteta, Novi Sad
2019, vol. 53, br. 2, str. 619-630
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljeno: 19/02/2020
doi: 10.5937/zrpfns53-20715
Creative Commons License 4.0
Promena koncepta ruralne zajednice i njegov značaj za prenos svojine na poljoprivrednom zemljištu
University of Miskolc, Faculty of Law, Miskolc, Hungary

e-adresa: celesut@gmail.com

Projekat

This research was supported by the project nr. EFOP-3.6.2-16-2017-00007, titled Aspects on the development of intelligent, sustainable and inclusive society: social, technological, innovation networks in employment and digital economy. The project has been supported by the European Union, co-financed by the European Social Fund and the budget of Hungary

Sažetak

Imajući u vidu pravo Evropske unije (EU) i nacionalna prava država članica EU, u radu je predstvljen koncept ruralnih zajednica i poljoprivrednih zajednica (u radu zajedno označene kao ruralne zajednice), koji je u fazi redefinisanja. S obzirom na to da se koncept ruralnih zajednica u EU u velikoj meri bazira na definiciji Saveta Evrope, u radu je predstavljeno njegovo poreklo i to na osnovu Evropske povelje o ruralnim područjima i naučnih izveštaja u vezi sa tom Poveljom. Određivanje pravnog pojma ruralnih zajednica je od suštinskog značaja za Mađarsku - između ostalog zbog toga što je njihovo očuvanje bio ključan razlog za donošenje novog mađarskog Zakona o zemljištu. U skladu sa praksom Suda pravde Evropske unije, pojedini aspekti očuvanja ruralnih zajednica predstavljaju javni interes radi čije zaštite se mogu preduzimati odgovarajuće nacionalne mere u vezi sa prometom zemljišta. S tim u vezi se postavlja pitanje: šta se zapravo podrazumeva pod pojmom ruralnih zajednica.

Ključne reči

ruralna zajednica; poljoprivredna zajednica; ruralno pravo; poljoprivredno zemljište; sticanje poljoprivrednog zemljišta

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