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2018, vol. 5, iss. 2, pp. 5-16
Physical culture between rationalism and theoanthropocentrism
aFIEP Europe
bUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education

emailnenad.zivanovic46@gmail.com
Abstract
Physical culture with the man in its centre has always been an integral part of social events and troubles in various times and ages. Regardless the need to adjust its theory and practice to the given requirements and social circumstances of the time it has always been stretched between rationalism and theanthropos-centrism. Rationalism and its right wing the Enlightenment had formed deep furrows in the area of physical culture, (too) since the age of Pythagoras, Epicurus, Plato and later Origen and the Neoplatonists and Descartes' ''I think, therefore I am''. The great Njegoš made a clear judgement of the general effects of Rationalism in his work The Ray of the Microcosm: ''You, Pythagoras and you, Epicurus, ... You have degraded a being a man.'' Indeed, only a glimpse at today's events and the development of sport and physical exercise is enough to prove his words to be true. On the other hand, thenathropos-centrism with its theory and practice bring back hope that not all is lost, when everything is lost (R.P. Nogo). Theanthroposcentrism or, God-man centrism as it can be called, approaches man with Love and belief that physical exercises is divine food for the human being. And that the food is given to him so that he can master the good as gifted from the Creator, to stand firm, get strong and divinized. Therefore, we can say that Rationalism and Thanthropos-centrism are two views of and two approaches to man (even) in modern times. Behind the first one there is pride whereas behind the second one there is Love. It is up to man himself to choose his way.
References
Father, P. (2011) Lessons. Vranje: Saint Stephen's Monastery, Volume I
Živanović, N., Pavlović, P., Antala, B., Pantelić-Babić, K. (2015) The history of physical education in Europe. Leposavić: FIEP Europe - History of Physical Education and Sport Section, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Book 1-2
Živanović, N., Ranđelović, N., Pavlović, P., Stanković, V. (2010) The theory of physical culture. Niš: Faculty of Sports and Physical Education
Živanović, N. (2011) An apology of physical exercise. Niš: Panoptikum
Živanović, N. (2011) Contribution to epistemology of physical culture. Niš: Panoptikum, The second reviewed edition
 

About

article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.2478/spes-2018-0009
received: 12/04/2018
accepted: 23/06/2018
published in SCIndeks: 06/04/2021

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