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Psihološka istraživanja
2017, vol. 20, br. 2, str. 239-254
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/PsIstra1702239L

Creative Commons License 4.0
Prediktori samopoštovanja studenata - značaj percepcije sopstvenog tela i vežbanja
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet, Institut za psihologiju
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja

e-adresa: ljiljana.lazarevic@f.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Identifikacija, merenje i razvoj kognitivnih i emocionalnih kompetencija važnih društvu orijentisanom na evropske integracije (MPNTR - 179018)
Efekti primenjene fizičke aktivnosti na lokomotorni, metabolički, psiho-socijalni i vaspitni status populacije R Srbije (MPNTR - 47015)

Sažetak

Cilj istraživanja je da se ispita validnost fizičke samoefikasnosti, socijalne anksioznosti zbog izgleda i fizičkog vežbanja u predikciji samopoštovanja, kao i da se ispitaju polne razlike. Uzorku od 232 studenta zadati su Rozenbergova skala samopoštovanja (SES), Skala fizičke samoefikasnosti (PSES), Skala socijalne anksioznosti zbog izgleda (PSA), kao i kratak upitnik o fizičkom vežbanju. Prosečno ispitanici vežbaju 2.75 puta nedeljno, imaju umereno visoko samopoštovanje i fizičku samoefikasnost i nisku socijalnu anksioznost zbog izgleda. Nisu dobijene polne razlike u samopoštovanju, dok su na drugim ispitivanim varijablama polne razlike značajne i to uglavnom u korist muškaraca. Analize pokazuju da samopoštovanje korelira pozitivno sa fizičkom samoefikasnošću i fizičkim vežbanjem i negativno sa socijalnom anksioznošću zbog izgleda. Regresiona analiza ukazuje da fizička samoefikasnost, socijalna anksioznost zbog izgleda i pol (ženski) značajno predviđaju samopoštovanje, dok fizičko vežbanje nije značajan prediktor. Naredne studije bi trebalo da istraže relacije samopercepcije vezane za telo, fizičkog vežbanja i domenospecifičnog samopoštovanja.

Ključne reči

samopoštovanje; fizička samoefikasnost; socijalna anksioznost zbog izgleda; fizičko vežbanje; studenti

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