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Vojno delo
2016, vol. 68, br. 8, str. 54-64
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
objavljeno: 27/12/2017
doi: 10.5937/vojdelo1608054J
The genocide and the command responsibility in criminal law of the Republic of Serbia
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
Univerzitet u Nišu, Pravni fakultet

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
International criminal law, as a system of legal regulations found in acts of the international community and criminal legislations of individual states, establishes criminal liability and punishments for crimes against international law. These acts represent breaches of the laws and customs of war (international humanitarian law) that violate or threaten peace among nations and the security of mankind. Penalties prescribed for these criminal offences stand for the most severe penalties in contemporary criminal legislation. In some cases, international judiciary (supranational) institutions such as The Nurnberg and The Tokyo Tribunal, The Hague Tribunal, The Rome Court etc. have primary jurisdiction over perpetrators of these criminal offences. This criminal offence means the killing of a nation or a tribe. Genocide was proclaimed as “a crime under international law, which is in contradiction with the spirit and the aims of the OUN and condemned by the entire civilized world” by UN General Assembly Resolution 96/I from 11 December 1946. Although it emerged as a “subspecies of crime against humanity”, genocide rapidly obtained an autonomous status and contents as one of the most serious crimes of today. As a crime against international law, genocide is determined by three elements: a) the objective component- a ctus reaus b) the subjective component- mens rea c) the subject of the act-the group -the victim. The source of this incrimination is found in Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide from 1948, which, in paragraph 2, defines the term and the elements of this crime against international law. In legislation, theory and practice, this term can be interpreted in the broader sense, as well. In this papet the author has analysed theoretical and practical aspects of genocide in international criminal law and criminal law of Republic of Serbia (former FR Yugoslavia).

Ključne reči

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