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2014, vol. 40, iss. 1-2, pp. 47-54
article language: Serbian
document type: Professional Paper
published on: 27/11/2015
doi: 10.5937/termoteh1402047A
Geothermal energy and its application opportunities in Serbia
Galenika fitofarmacija a.d., Zemun, Beograd



Geothermal energy is accumulated heat in the fluid and rock masses in the Earth 's crust. The natural decay of radioactive elements (uranium, thorium and potassium) in rocks produces heat energy. The simplest use of geothermal energy for heating is by heat pump. Geothermal energy can be used for production of electricity. It uses hot water and steam from the earth to run the generator. Serbia has significant potential for geothermal energy. Development of geothermal resources till 2015. will replace at least 500.000 tons of imported liquid fuels per year. The total amount of accumulated heat in geothermal resources in a depth of 3 km is two times higher than the equivalent thermal energy that could be obtained by burning all types of coal from all their sites in Serbia! The total abundance of geothermal resources in Serbia is 4000 l/s. Abundance of wells in Vojvodina is 10-20 l/s, and the temperature is from 40 to 60°C. Exploitation of thermal waters in Mačva will cause heating of following cities: Bogatić, Šabac, Sremska Mitrovica and Loznica, with a total population of 150.000 people. The richest hydrogeothermal resources are in Mačva, Vranje and Jošanička Banja. Using heat pumps, geothermal water can be exploited on the entire territory of Serbia! Although large producer, Serbia is importing food, i. e., fruits and vegetables. With the construction of 100-150 ha of greenhouses which will be heated with geothermal energy, Serbia will become an exporting country.



*** (2005) Mogućnosti korišćenja energetskog potencijala geotermalnih voda u Vojvodini. Novi Sad: Fakultet tehničkih nauka, Institut za energetiku, procesnu tehniku i zaštitu okoline
Liber, P. (2004) OSCE Mission to Serbia and Montenegro. Belgrade: Econimic and Environmental Department