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Ekonomika preduzeća
2020, vol. 68, br. 1-2, str. 105-120
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljeno: 15/06/2020
doi: 10.5937/EKOPRE2002105T
Industrija 4.0 kao poluga inovacija - pregled potencijala Srbije i prilike za nova istraživanja
Univerzitet Metropolitan, Beograd

Projekat

Unapređenje konkurentnosti Srbije u procesu pristupanja Evropskoj uniji (MPNTR - 47028)

Sažetak

Ovaj članak istražuje premise Četvrte industrijske revolucije i njenu ulogu u podsticanju inovacija i ekonomskog rasta, ukazujući na potencijal, ali i jaz srpske ekonomije. Primenjena metodologija obuhvata pregled literature, kako u kontekstu globalnog razvoja, tako i inovacionog potencijala Srbije, kao i analizu empirijskih izvora koji bi mogli poslužiti kao osnova za buduća istraživanja. Predlaže se dublja studija razvoja blokčejna i veštačke inteligencije (i srodne automatizacije), kao i proučavanje primene drugih važnih tehnologija, kao što su robotika, računarstvo u oblaku, proširena stvarnost, 3-D štampanje i druge. Republički zavod za statistiku mogao bi da podrži ovaj proces sprovođenjem širih i redovnijih istraživanja o inovacijama, kao i prilagođavanjem svojih alata za praćenje poslovanja. Takođe se predlaže da se fokus istraživanja stavi na rezultate preduzeća i projekata koje podržava Inovacioni fond Republike Srbije, dodatno analizirajući njihov uticaj na šire inovacione delatnosti. Konačno, istraživanja bi trebalo nastaviti i u povezanim oblastima integracije ljudskog kapitala i znanja, finansiranja poslovanja i regulatornog i infrastrukturnog okvira.

Ključne reči

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