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The European Journal of Applied Economics
2019, vol. 16, br. 2, str. 59-78
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/EJAE16-20133

Creative Commons License 4.0
Uloga tehnologije kao apsorpcionog kapaciteta u privrednom napretku zemalja u razvoju - novi pristup
University of Ghana Business School, Department of Finance, Ghana

e-adresa: rakotey@st.ug.edu.gh

Sažetak

Istraživanja su pokazala da efekti direktnih stranih investicija na ekonomski rast nisu uvek bili neposredni, posebno ne u oblastima koje se razvijaju; potrebno je da u samoj privredi već postoje određene osobenosti, a kako bi se navedeni efekti pravilno absorbovali. Otuda, ovo istraživanje je imalo za cilj da proceni ekonomski uticaj direktnih stranih investicija na ekonomski rast zemalja Supsaharske Afrike, uzimajuc'i u obzir tehnologiju kao apsorpcioni kapacitet. Zbog nedostatka podataka o održivom merilu, a kada je u pitanju tehnologija iz perspektive Afrike, promeravamo tehnologiju uz upotrebu inovativnog pristupa, koristeći godišnji broj objavljenih radova u vezi sa inovacijama, kao merilo tehnološkog prisustva. Analizirani su podaci iz četrdeset tri supsaharske zemlje, koji ilustruju period od 19 godina (od 1990. do 2008). Upotrebom regresionog modela fiksnih efekata (Fixed Effects), istraživanje je pokazalo da direktne strane investicije imaju negativan i značajan uticaj na bruto domaći proizvod (BDP), što je naš parametar za ekonomski razvoj. Ipak, kada se investicije udruže sa tehnologijom, ovaj odnos postaje značajan i pozitivan. Navedeno pokazuje da zemlje u kojima je tehnologija razvijenija lakše prihvataju i koriste strane direktne investicije, u odnosu na zemlje u kojima je tehnologija slabije razvijena.

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