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Ekonomika preduzeća
2016, vol. 64, br. 3-4, str. 239-248
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/ekopre1604239F


Inovativna mala i srednja preduzeća u ekonomiji zasnovanoj na znanju
aUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Economics, Department of Economic Policy and Development
bMinistry of Economy, Department of Regional Development and Strategic Analyses of Economy
cUniversity of Kragujevac, Faculty of Economics, Department of General Economics and Development

Sažetak

Doprinos inovativnih visokotehnoloških i na znanju zasnovanih MSP ekonomskom rastu, zapošljavanju i konkurentnosti značajna je u razvijenim zemljama. Mala i srednja inovativno orijentisana preduzeća se javljaju kao jedinstveni izvor diverzifikovanosti, fleksibilnosti i dugoročnog poboljšanja performansi inovativnog sistema. Ona igraju ključnu ulogu u otkrivanju i razvoju novih tržišta i proširivanju ponude na postojećim tržištima. Ova preduzeća testiraju, istražuju i pomeraju granice proizvodnje i potrošnje, tragaju za novim načinima kako da zadovolje potrebe potrošača; pokretač su ukupnog ekonomskog rasta i bitan faktor u kreiranju nove zaposlenosti. Ostvarivanje značajnije uloge tehnološki orijentisanih MSP u ekonomskom razvoju i stvaranju zaposlenosti u velikoj meri zavisi od postojanja povoljnog poslovnog okruženja, preduzetničke kulture, podržavajućih aktivnosti i tehničke infrastrukture, kao i raspoloživosti i dostupnosti ključnih resursa (kvalifikovane radne snage, mogućnosti finansiranja i dr).

Ključne reči

inovacije; inovativnost; mala i srednja preduzeća; privreda zasnovana na znanju

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