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2017, vol. 23, iss. 2, pp. 75-90
Genetic resources of cultivated and volunteer vegetables in Serbia
aUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture
bInstitute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad
cUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology and Ecology

emailmirjana.vasic@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs
Abstract
Number of plant species and populations in the diet and agriculture, and knowledge about them, their cultivation and use, represent the biological, cultural and social heritage of the humankind. Due to favourable geographic, soil, and climate conditions, and large diversity of flora in Serbia, there is a rich tradition of vegetable use in the diet, cultivated and volunteer, autochthonous. More than 70 botanical vegetable species that are accepted for long-term preservation are mentioned nowadays in Serbia. Besides that, some plant species that are classified as industrial, medicinal and aromatic plants are being used as vegetables. Vegetables include legumes used as stewing vegetables. Serbia has three vegetable regions: lowlands (along the rivers Danube, Tisa and Sava), Moravian (along three Morava Rivers and their tributaries) and mountainous (Eastern, South-eastern and Western areas, Kosovo and Metohija). In these regions, genetic resources of vegetables should be looked for in cultivated and volunteering flora of different domestic and domesticated populations developed due to adaptation to the specific abiotic and biotic factors, including breeders' selection. International and national projects have been organised in the field of preserving genetic resources of vegetables in the past, as well as nowadays in Serbia. Collected samples are stored in Plant Gene Bank of Serbia and in gene banks all over the world. Significant part is located in the collections of national institutes and faculties. Samples are described with passport data, while those in collections even in more detail. However, none of this is sufficient. In the last decades in Serbia, many populations and vegetable species have threatened to disappear. Many villages are disappearing, there are few growers of vegetables, and extinction of numerous valuable genotypes is accelerated by unfavourable weather conditions. Large number of cultivars and vegetable species that were traditionally grown in our country was removed from the Serbian list of cultivars. Species and cultivars that have ceased to be cultivated on larger areas can still be found mostly in gardens. Collecting expedition of eventually remained genetic resources is insufficient; they are unsystematically organised and without clearly directed funding.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Review Paper
DOI: 10.5937/SelSem1702075L
published in SCIndeks: 13/10/2017
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