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Medicinski pregled
2016, vol. 69, br. 5-6, str. 183-188
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: saopštenje
doi:10.2298/MPNS1606183S
Efekti nedostatka sna na zdravlje medicinskih sestara u smenskom obrascu rada
aHigh Medical School of Professional Studies, Ćuprija
bUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Novi Sad + Clinical Centre of Vojvodina, Clinic of Neurlogy, Novi Sad
cUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet

e-adresa: mimas967@gmail.com

Sažetak

Uvod. Atipični radni rasporedi uzrokuju restrikciju sna dovodeći do pospanosti, umora, pada kognitivnih performansi i zdravstvenih problema medicinskih sestara. Cilj ovog rada je prikaz trenutnih saznanja i stavova o uticaju poremećaja sna na zdravlje i kognitivne funkcije medicinskih sestara. San i odnosi u savremenom društvu. Savremeno 24-časovno društvo uključuje sve više zaposlenih (zdravstvo, policija, transport) u nestandardne obrasce rada. Preko 50% medicinskih sestara u zemljama Evropske unije radi u noćnim smenama, dok u Sjedinjenin Američkim Državama 55% sestara radi više od 40 sati nedeljno a 30-70% spava manje od 6 sati između smena. Kognitivni efekti lišavanja sna. Lišavanje sna narušava izvršavanje zadataka koji zahtevaju intenzivnu i prolongiranu pažnju što povećava broj grešaka u nezi pacijenata a sestre izlaže povećanom riziku od saobraćajnih udesa. Nedostatak sna i poremećaji zdravlja. Sestre koje nedovoljno spavaju izložene su povećanom riziku od nastanka gojaznosti, dijabetesa, gastrointestinalnih poremećaja i kardiovaskularnih bolesti. Rizik od karcinoma dojke veći je 1,79 puta, a značajno je povećan rizik i od karcinoma kolorektuma. Zaključak. Duge ili uzastopne smene smanjuju priliku za san, skraćuju vreme oporavka medicinskih sestara ugrožavajući njihovu bezbednost i zdravlje kao i kvalitet nege i bezbednost pacijenata. S obzirom na značaj problema, potrebno je i u Republici Srbiji sprovesti istraživanja kvaliteta sna i zdravlja medicinskih sestara sa ciljem sagledavanja ovog problema koji je nedovoljno prepoznat.

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