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2018, vol. 21, br. 2, str. 183-200
Povezanost sklonosti ka negativnom emocionalnom reagovanju sa rizikom za koronarnu bolest
aDom zdravlja, Kruševac
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet, Odeljenje za psihologiju + Klinički centar Srbije, Klinika za psihijatriju, Beograd
cUniverzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet, Odeljenje za psihologiju

e-adresavojadj89@gmail.com
Ključne reči: koronarna bolest; crta anksioznosti; crta depresivnosti; crta besa
Sažetak
Cilj: Prvi cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se ispita povezanost sklonosti ka negativnom emocionalnom reagovanju operacionalizovanom kroz crte depresivnosti, anksioznosti i besa sa rizikom za nastanak koronarne bolesti. Drugi cilj se odnosi na izdvajanje linearne kombinacije crta koja najbolje razlikuje osobe različitog zdravstvenog statusa u kontekstu koronarne bolesti. Metod: Istraživanje se, prema metodologiji, svrstava u istraživanja korelacionog, neeksperimentalnog tipa. Uzorak istraživanja činilo je 150 ispitanika koji su bili podeljeni u tri grupe. U prvoj grupi bile su osobe koje imaju dijagnozu koronarne bolesti, u drugoj osobe koje nemaju dijagnozu koronarne bolesti, ali se nalaze pod specifičnim rizikom za koronarnu bolesti u trećoj grupi bile su osobe bez dijagnoze koronarne bolesti i bez specifičnog rizika za razvoj koronarne bolesti. Korišćeni su sledeći instrumenti: Skala Depresivne Ličnosti, Spilbergerov upitnik anksioznosti i Spilbergerov upitnik ekspresije besa. Rezultati: Osobe sa dijagnozom koronarne bolesti su na svim instrumentima imale više skorove nego osobe koje nisu imale dijagnozu koronarne bolesti i koje nisu imale faktore rizika. Osobe sa specifičnim rizikom za koronarnu bolest imale su više skorove od osoba koje nisu imale dijagnozu koronarne bolesti i faktore rizika na skalama koje mere crtu anksioznosti i crtu besa. Diskriminacionom analizom dobijeno je da crta anksioznosti najbolje razlikuje tri grupe ispitanika. Crte depresivnosti i besa su se pokazale kao redundantne u odnosu na predikciju. Zaključci: Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju na postojanje povezanosti crta anksioznosti, besa i depresivnosti sa rizikom za koronarnu bolest. Diskriminaciona analiza je pokazala da se crta anksioznosti izdvaja kao jedini pouzdan prediktor.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/PsiIstra1802183D
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 01.02.2019.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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