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Kultura
2019, br. 163, str. 262-279
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/kultura1963262R


Otete reči - odbrana kreativnosti i uslovi radikalne imaginacije
Univerzitet umetnosti u Beogradu, Fakultet dramskih umetnosti, Katedra za teoriju i istoriju, Beograd

Sažetak

U radu se ispituju savremena tumačenja pojma kreativnost i instrumentalizacija samog koncepta kako u neoliberalnom diskursu tako i u javnim politikama koje postaju stožer sve dubljih nejednakosti u društvu. Osvrt na istraživanja divergentne produkcije iz druge polovine 20. veka, kao temelja svih drugih psiholoških studija, i analiza implicitnih socijalnih agendi istraživača otkriva tri sporne tačke teorijskih polazišta u kojima se kreativnost posmatra isključivo kao adaptivna sposobnost, validirana produktom - ishodom individualnog ispoljavanja. Odgovor na ovo redukovano shvatanje kreativnosti dolazi od istraživača usmerenih na razumevanje emergentnih procesa unutar kolektiva. U novim studijama oni potvrđuju primat socijalne interakcije u razvoju saznanja, pomerajući fokus sa adaptivne na transformativnu funkciju, sa produktivizma na procesualnost, sa individualne na grupnu razinu kreativnosti. Čini se stoga posve opravdano kreativnost danas ispitati u svetlu širih socijalnih pomaka, razmatrajući uslove Kastoriadisovog koncepta radikalne imaginacije, utoliko pre što su zanemarena svojstva kreativnosti zajednički resurs, kao i uslov menjanja.

Ključne reči

kreativnost; kolektiv; transformativna funkcija; procesualnost; radikalna imaginacija

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