Metrika

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2014, vol. 19, br. 38, str. 123-132
Dinamika teških metala u sistemu zemljište-list-plod u intenzivnom uzgoju jabuke (Malus domestica Borkh.)
aUniverzitet u Sarajevu, Poljoprivredno-prehrambeni fakultet, Federacija BiH
bUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, Čačak
Ključne reči: zemljište; list; plod; teški metali
Sažetak
Jedan od velikih problema u poljoprivrednoj proizvodnji predstavlja onečišćenost zemljišta teškim metalima jer je mogućnost produkcije na takvim zemljištima znatno ograničena, a proizvodi koji se na njima dobivaju su vrlo upitni sa aspekta zdravlja potrošača. Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio ispitati dinamiku teških metala u sistemu zemljište - list - plod u intenzivnom uzgoju jabuke sorte Idared smještenom na području opštine Goražde. Sadržaj teških metala u ispitivanim uzorcima zemljišta i biljnom materijalu određen je metodom atomske apsorpcione spektrofotometrije na aparatu Shimadzu 7000 AA, a prema uputstvima sadržanim u metodi ISO11047. Dinamika svih ispitivanih teških metala u sistemu zemljište - list - plod jabuke, uz izuzetak cinka, je bila obilježena sa relativno visokim sadržajem ukupnih oblika teških metala u zemljištu, te sa vrlo niskim stepenom njihove akumulacije u listovima, a posebno u plodovima jabuke.U niti jednom ispitivanom uzorku ploda jabuke nije utvrđena toksična vrijednost za sadržaj pojedinog teškog metala, što promatrano sa aspekta onečišćenja zemljišta ukazuje na pogodnost korišćenja ispitivanog lokaliteta za proizvodnju zdravstveno ispravnih plodova jabuke.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.5937/AASer1438123M
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 13.05.2015.

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