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2012, vol. 60, br. 1-2, str. 63-77
Nova industrijska politika - slalom između Scile tržišta Haribde državne intervencije
Univerzitet Singidunum, FEFA - Fakultet za ekonomiju, finansije i administraciju - FEFA, Beograd
Sažetak
Posle tri decenije izgnanstva industrijska politika (IP) ponovo je deo legitimnih politika koje stoje na raspolaganju razvijenim i novim tržišnim privredama. Teorijsko opravdanje za IP intervencije ostaje validno u prisustvu stalnih tržišnih nesavršenosti koje se pojačavaju rastom međunarodne trgovine i sve jačih (ekonomskih i finansijskih) veza u globalnoj svetskoj privredi. Ali opasnosti grešaka državne intervencije ostaju prisutne, bilo da je reč o pogrešnim ili prejakim merama, ili o odsustvu neophodnih mera da se preduprede ili koriguju greške tržišta. Na nivou praktične politike, pitanje nije 'zašto' je potrebna IP, i da li bi država trebalo da se angažuje u vođenju IP, već 'kako' da se pripreme i sprovedu mere IP da bi se izbegle greške iz prošlosti, podržao privredni razvoj i dostigla željena promena ekonomske strukture. Nedavne debate (Lin-Chang, Rodrik-Lerner) i detaljni pregled literature (Harrison) potvrđuju potrebu za vođenjem IP, ali preporučuju da mere IP budu usaglašene sa pravilima komparativnih prednosti (Lin), pomerene sa tzv. Tvrdih mera (carine, subvencije) na mekane IP mere usmerene na porast produktivnosti(Harrison), i predlažu da se izbegava rizik loše koncipiranih IP mera putem zajedničkog delovanja države i privatnog sektora u 'otkrivanju' optimalnih IP parametara koji ex ante nisu poznati (Rodrik). Postojeći aranžmani u okviru STO i bilateralni dogovori mogu ozbiljno da ograničavaju raspoloživi prostor za definisanje i sprovođenje legitimne industrijske politike.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ekopre1202063V
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 08.06.2012.