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Medicinski pregled
2019, vol. 72, br. 7-8, str. 216-222
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 04/06/2020
doi: 10.2298/MPNS1908216P
Polni dimorfizam telesne kompozicije kod dece u Severnobačkom regionu
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Prirodno-matematički fakultet, Departman za biologiju i ekologiju

e-adresa: puskasv@EUnet.rs, tatjana.pavlica@dbe.uns.ac.rs

Sažetak

Uvod. Antropometrijske mere se često koriste za procenu rasta, stanja uhranjenosti i telesne kompozicije kod dece. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se analiziraju rast i telesna kompozicija kod dece pretpubertetskog uzrasta. Materijal i metode. Istraživanje je izvršeno tokom 2017. i početkom 2018. godine u 13 osnovnih škola na teritoriji Severne Bačke, a obuhvatilo je 593 učenika uzrasta od 6,50 do 10,49 decimalnih godina. Izmerene su: visina, masa tela, obim relaksirane nadlaktice i debljina kožnog nabora nad tricepsom. Iz ovih mera za svakog ispitanika izračunati su: indeks telesne mase, ukupna površina nadlaktice, mišićna masa nadlaktice, masna masa nadlaktice i procenat masne mase ruke. Rezultati. Tokom prve decenije rast dece je skoro linearan, a nemasna masa tela se povećava sličnim intenzitetom kod pripadnika oba pola. Međutim, devojčice pokazuju veći procenat telesne masti i veću debljinu kožnog nabora na tricepsu, dok se indeks telesne mase ne razlikuje značajno. Sekularni trend u visini se usporava, ali masa tela pokazuje i dalje trend porasta. Zaključak. Iako polne razlike u antropološkim merama nisu izražene, razlike u sastavu tela su uočljive pre puberteta.

Ključne reči

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