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Praxis medica
2015, vol. 44, br. 2, str. 75-81
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljeno: 30/08/2015
doi: 10.5937/pramed1502075S
Kulturološko i medicinsko određenje gojaznosti
Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Medicinski fakultet

e-adresa: radojica.stolic@med.pr.ac.rs

Sažetak

Savremeni aspekti društvenog razvoja sa sobom donosi nove preokupacije koje doprinose pojavi gojaznosti, kao direktnu posledicu sveukupnog izobilja. Skoro da postoji deklarativno usaglašen stav da gojaznost, prema svojoj učestalosti, predstavlja globalnu epidemiju novog milenijuma a da je zbog posledica na sveukupno zdravlje neophodan komplementaran multidisciplinaran pristup, jer se njenom prevencijom može sprečiti i znatno umanjiti stopa mortaliteta. Tehnološki razvoj, automatizacija u proizvodnji hrane, smanjeno učešće manuelnog rada i sedanterni način života, uslovljava porast gojaznih, ne samo u visoko industrijalizovanim već u manje razvijenim državama. Gojaznost predstavlja direktnu promociju iskušenja savremene civilizacije i veliki izazov za jednu zajednicu u kojoj hrane ima u izobilju. Ovakva činjenica povećava odgovornost svakog pojedinca i stavlja pred njim obavezu da prepozna uzroke gojaznosti kako bi, promenom sopstvenog ponašanja, mogao da smanji lični teret koji sa sobom nosi gojaznost.

Ključne reči

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