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2017, vol. 74, br. 6, str. 557-563
Uticaj različitih faktora rizika na jačinu mišića poda karlice kod žene
aKlinički centar Kragujevac, Centar za fizikalnu medicinu i rehabilitaciju + Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Medicinski fakultet
bKlinički centar Vojvodine, Klinika za ginekologiju i akušerstvo, Novi Sad
cUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za anatomiju i sudsku medicinu
dKlinički centar Kragujevac, Centar za fizikalnu medicinu i rehabilitaciju
eKlinički centar Kragujevac, Centar za fizikalnu medicinu i rehabilitaciju + Džavni univerzitet u Novom Pazaru, Departman za biomedicinske nauke
fVojnomedicinska akademija, Klinika za opštu hirurgiju, Beograd

e-adresajnurkovic@np.ac.rs
Ključne reči: karlica; pod; mišići; tonus; žene; faktori rizika; karlični organi; prolaps; karličlni organi; zapaljenske bolesti; inkontinencija; urinarna; medicina; fizikalna i rehabilitacija
Sažetak
Uvod/Cilj. Slabost mišića poda karlice dovodi do funkcionalnih oštećenja, uključujući urinarnu i fekalnu inkontinenciju, prolaps organa karlice i seksualnu disfunkciju. Cilj našeg istraživanja bio je ispitivanje uticaja različitih faktora rizika na slabost mišića poda karlice kod žena. Metode. U studiju je bilo uključeno 90 žena. Ispitivana je kako starosna dob, težina posla kojim se bave, telesna masa i visina, broj porođaja, bavljenje sportskim aktivnostima, prisutnost inkontinencije, prethodne ginekološke intervencije i lečenje prolapse organa male karlice, kao i druge bolesti, utiču na snagu mišića poda karlice. Snaga mišića poda karlice merena je vaginalnim dinamometrom. Rezultati. Univarijantnom regresionom analizom pokazano je da su faktori kao što su starost, težina posla, telesna visina, broj porođaja, bavljenje sportskim aktivnostima, prethodno ginekološko lečenje uzrokovano prolapsom organa male karlice i druge ginekološke intervencije i bolesti, u pozitivnoj korelaciji sa slabošću mišića poda karlice. Multivarijantnom regresionom analizom pokazano je da su ginekološke operacije prolapsa organa karlice i inkontinencija nezavisni faktori rizika. Zaključak. Poznavanjem faktora rizika koji dovode do slabosti mišića poda karlice mogu se prevenirati oštećenja i poboljšati kvalitet života žena.
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Reference
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/VSP150420083P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 01.06.2017.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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