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ABC - časopis urgentne medicine
2016, vol. 16, br. 1, str. 8-19
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: originalan članak

Medicinski i bezbednosni izazovi 21. veka - bioterorizam
Vojnomedicinska akademija

e-adresa: elizabet@eunet.rs

Sažetak

Mikroorganizmi i bolesti koje izazivaju predstavljaju jedan od najvećih zdravstvenih izazova ali s obzirom na moguće posledice (medicinske, socijalne, psihološke, ekonomske) iste se ubrajaju u jedan od najvećih bezbednosnih izazova 21. veka. O tome svedoči antraksna kampanja 2001. godine, epidemije SARS-a i ptičjeg gripa, pandemija svinjskog gripa, kao i pojava Ebole i aktuelna globalna epidemiološka situacija vezano za pojavu novih pošasti (Zika virus) i zdravstvene rizike migracija. Ako se tome doda mogućnost namerne zloupotrebe mikroorganizama-bakterija, virusa, gljivica, protozoa i njihovih produkata - toksina u terorističke svrhe jasno je da bioterorizam danas predstavlja globalni rizik i pretnju kojoj se u strategijama nacionalnih bezbednosti i u strategijama zdravstvene zaštite ne poklanja dovoljno pažnje. Zbog toga je razumevanje ove opasnosti i mogućnosti prevencije i reagovanja u slučaju iste, prvorazredni zadatak za stručnjake raznih profila: od obaveštajno-bezbednosnog do medicinsko- biološkog sektora, kao i za akademsku i društvenu javnost u celini, a pre svega za donosioce odluka. Osposobljavanje kapaciteta i resursa za prepoznavanje biološkog napada, detekciju i identifikaciju bioloških agenasa, medicinsko zbrinjavanje obolelih osoba i profilaksu eksponiranih, uz razumevanje osnovnih postulata kriznog menadžmenta i organizacije zdravstvene službe u kriznim situacijama prioritetne su obaveze za medicinski sektor.

Ključne reči

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