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Godišnjak Fakulteta političkih nauka
2011, vol. 5, br. 5, str. 377-399
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan

Mirovne misije Ujedinjenih Nacija nakon hladnog rata
Fakultet političkih znanosti, Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska

Sažetak

U članku se analizira uloga mirovnih misija Ujedinjenih nacija nakon hladnog rata. Od tada se dogodio pomak od tzv. tradicionalnih mirovnih misija ka tzv. višedimenzionalnim misijama, namijenjenima implementaciji sveobuhvatnih mirovnih sporazuma i stvaranju uvjeta za održivi i trajni mir. Tradicionalni izraz 'peacekeeping' (održavanje mira) dobio je nove sadržaje odnosno dimenzije, te tako sve više na značaju dobivaju izrazi 'peacebuilding' (izgradnja mira), 'peacemaking' (stvaranje mira), 'peace enforcement' (nametanje mira), 'post conflict peace building' (postkonfliktna izgradnja mira). Tako se danas u različitim tipovima mirovnih misija provode različite složene zadaće - od pomoći u izgradnji održivih institucija vlasti, nadzora poštivanja ljudskih prava, reforme sigurnosnog sektora, preko razoružanja i demobilizacije, do reintegracije u normalne društvene tokove bivših boraca. Naglašava se kako Ujedinjene nacije u novije vrijeme ulažu velike napore u jačanje svojih sposobnosti za upravljanje i održavanje operacija na terenu, kako bi time ispunile svoju primarnu zadaću - održavanje svjetskog mira i sigurnosti.

Ključne reči

Ujedinjene nacije; mirovne misije; međunarodna sigurnost; hladni rat

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