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Acta medica Medianae
2019, vol. 58, br. 2, str. 154-160
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5633/amm.2019.0223

Creative Commons License 4.0
Promene u testu za procenu mišićne snage kod dece u Srbiji
aUniverzitet u Prištini (Kosovska Mitrovica), Fakultet za fizičku kulturu, Leposavić
bUniversity of Union - Nikola Tesla, Faculty of Sport, Belgrade
cUniversity of Kragujevac, Faculty of Education, Jagodina
dClub for synchronized swimming "Niš", Niš
eUniverzitet u Nišu, Učiteljski fakultet, Vranje

e-adresa: jadranka.kocic@pr.ac.rs

Projekat

Efekti primenjene fizičke aktivnosti na lokomotorni, metabolički, psiho-socijalni i vaspitni status populacije R Srbije (MPNTR - 47015)

Sažetak

Cilj ove studije bio je ispitivanje promena u uspešnosti izvođenja motoričkog testa kod jedanaestogodišnjaka u Srbiji. Za praćenje u intervalu od četiri decenije izabran je motorički test za koji je potrebno ispoljavanje mišićne snage nogu. Sekularni trend telesne visine i težine pokazao je konstantno povećanje u odnosu na prošlost, ali je pozitivan uticaj na uspešnost u izvođenju motoričkog zadatka izostao. Većina prethodnih istraživanja utvrdila je određeni pad raznih motoričkih veština tokom različitih vremenskih perioda. Međutim, nijedno od njih nije se bavilo uspešnošću u skoku udalj u periodu dužem od četiri decenije. Podaci su prikupljeni sa tri odvojena uzorka ispitanika iz 1971, 2014. i 2018. godine. Merenja su sprovedena od strane kvalifikovanih merioca sa Fakulteta fizičke kulture iz Beograda 1971. godine, Instituta za sport i sportsku medicinu Srbije 2014. godine i autora ove studije 2018. godine. Testom skok udalj iz mesta ispitivana je motorička sposobnost. Uprkos prosečnom povećanju longitudinalne dimenzionalnosti skeleta, prosečna dužina skoka udalj imala je trend opadanja. Smanjenje posle četiri decenije bilo je između 10 % i 18 % u zavisnosti od uzorka i pola. Rezultati ove studije izazivaju ozbiljnu zabrinutost o načinu života dece i trendovima u motoričkim sposobnostima. Bez promena u načinu života, stvaranja zdravih navika u ishrani, i što je najvažnije, većeg učešća u organizovanim fizičkim aktivnostima, pomenuti trendovi opadanja nivoa motoričkih sposobnosti najverovatnije će se nastaviti i u budućnosti.

Ključne reči

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