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Inovacije u nastavi - časopis za savremenu nastavu
2018, vol. 31, br. 2, str. 53-59
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: poseban prilog
doi:10.5937/inovacije1802053P

Creative Commons License 4.0
Indeks telesne mase (ITM) kao značajan faktor u ispoljavanju motoričkih sposobnosti dece mlađeg školskog uzrasta
Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Učiteljski fakultet, Užice

e-adresa: slobodan.b.pavlovic@gmail.com

Sažetak

Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se utvrde razlike u motoričkim sposobnostima dece mlađeg školskog uzrasta u zavisnosti od vrednosti indeksa telesne mase (ITM). Uzorak ispitanika su sačinjavala sto sedamdeset četiri učenika mlađeg školskog uzrasta na teritoriji Užica, uzrasta 10 ± 0,65 godina. Analizirano je sedam motoričkih varijabli radi utvrđivanja kvantitativnih razlika u prostorima motoričkog funkcioniranja dece. Deca su podeljena na tri grupe na osnovu indeksa telesne mase (pothranjeni, normalno uhranjeni i prekomerno uhranjeni). Rezultati dobijeni u ovom istraživanju ukazuju na postojanje razlika u motoričkom prostoru između grupa ispitanika. Najveća razlika između grupa se pokazala u području brzine kretanja, koordinacije celog tela, statičke snage ruku i ramenog pojasa i gipkosti. Definisana je razlika i u repetitivnoj snazi, s nešto manjim nivoom značajnosti. Ovakav rezultat navodi na zaključak da deca koja su uhranjena poseduju bolje motoričke sposobnosti u odnosu na pothranjene i prekomerno uhranjene. To je u indirektnoj vezi sa kvalitetom nastave fizičkog vaspitanja, jer se učenici sa boljim motoričkim sposobnostima više kreću i više se zalažu na času.

Ključne reči

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