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Vojno delo
2017, vol. 69, br. 6, str. 105-121
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
objavljeno: 23/08/2018
doi: 10.5937/vojdelo1706105O
Savremeno shvatanje nacionalne bezbednosti
aGeneralštab Vojske Srbije, VZ 'Moma Stanojlović'
bGeneralštab Vojske Srbije, ZOK

e-adresa: gavrilo.ostojic@vzms.vipvo.vs, dragan.mitrovic@zok.vs

Sažetak

Kraj Hladnog rata i nestanak opasnosti od Sovjetskog Saveza i sama njegova dezintegracija, donela je nove dileme oko pojma bezbednosti. Bezbednosne studije u Evropi i SAD pomerio je sa brige za opstanak države (tzv. 'tvrda bezbednost') na brigu za ekonomsko blagostanje i prosperitet (tzv. 'meka bezbednost'). Aktuelizaciji 'mekog' pristupa bezbednosti posebno je doprinela asimetrične pretnje bezbednosti kao što su terorizam i organizovani kriminal, odnosno proces sekuritizacije socijalne nestabilnosti, ekonomskih problema, problema u vezi s migracijama, ugrožavanjem životne sredine, epidemijama zaraznih bolesti i drugim pojavama i procesima koji u tradicionalnom konceptu 'tvrde' bezbednosti nisu prepoznavani kao bezbednosni procesi i pojave. Osnovni predmet rada jeste pokušaj da približi savremeno shvatanje nacionalne bezbednosti odnosno shvatanje 'meke bezbednosti' i to kroz: teoriju klasičnog realizma i neorealizma, alternativni pristupi bezbednosti, konstruktivističke studije i liberalne i neoliberalne teorije.

Ključne reči

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