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Inovacije u nastavi - časopis za savremenu nastavu
2018, vol. 31, iss. 2, pp. 119-128
article language: Serbian
document type: Materials
doi:10.5937/inovacije1802119M

Creative Commons License 4.0
Postural status as a factor of planning in physical education of preschool children
Visoka škola strukovnih studija za vaspitače, Šabac

e-mail: sava.maksimovic9@gmail.com

Abstract

In the development of a child, there are three critical periods subject to postural deviation: verticalization of the child, starting school and period of adolescence. Posture directly affects the health of children and therefore prevention and early diagnosis are important. On the other hand, monitoring of motor, morphological and postural status is an integral part of the process of physical education of preschool children. The educator should plan the work with children on the basis of exact parameters. The aim of this study was to determine the postural status and possible differences between children aged 5 and 6.5 years, as a factor in the planning of physical education of preschool children. The sample consisted of 70 children aged 5 and 6.5 years (± two months) from Preschool Institution 'Our child' in Sabac. Postural status was determined by using the method of Napoleon Wolanski. The data were analyzed by frequency phenomena, percentage count and Chi-square test. Significant differences were found in the segments of posture in relation to age. The results indicate that the postural status, in both age groups, is disrupted in all segments, except the shape of the chest and lateral curvature of the spine. There was a significant number of functional (which therefore need correction) and structural deformities (refer to the health institution) in children. It is worrying is that in both age groups there is a significant number of structural deformities of the anterior wall of the abdomen. It is necessary to train students that planning in physical education should be based on the the postural status of children as well.

Keywords

References

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