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2015, iss. 4, pp. 179-191
Reform of justice sector in Moldova: How much they can learn from Serbian experience
Institute of Comparative Law, Belgrade, Serbia
Keywords: justice sector reform; judicial independence; judicial councils; court network; efficiency of justice system; eastern partnership
The author strives to present situation in justice sector in Moldova and efforts of the authorities to implement Justice Sector Reform Strategy. The first wave of reforms related to the legislative amendments and institutional setup are mostly implemented. The Supreme Council of Magistracy is established and should absorb its competences related to the administration of justice system, budget independence, performance evaluation of judges, disciplinary procedure against judges, election and promotion, etc. However Moldova is facing with the challenge of application of newly established framework in practice. Additional challenge for Moldova presents lack of clear path toward European integration. Having that in mind, author referred to the experience from Serbia in the judicial reform process, challenges in establishment of balance between independence and accountability of judiciary, optimization of court network and efficiency of court system. Serbian experience could be useful for Moldova and assist decision makers in avoiding mistakes.
*** (2014) The joint opinion of the Venice Commission and OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE/ODIHR) no. 755/2014. March 24
*** (2014) Law no.178. July 25
*** (2014) The President promulgated the law on August 11, 2014. Official Gazette, Law no. 178 of July 25, was published on August 15, 2014 and will enter into force on January 1, 2015
CCJE (2007) Opinion no.10. para. 10
ENCJ (2010-2011) Councils for the judiciary report. para. 1. 7
Legal Resource Centre from Moldova (2015) Achievements and faults in reforming the justice sector of the Republic of Moldova: 2012 - July 2014. http: //crjm. org/en/category/publications/justitie/, November 9
OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) (2014) Opinion on Law of the Republic of Moldova on the selection, performance evaluation and career of judges. drafted by, June 13, available at, November 6, 2015


article language: English
document type: Review Paper
published in SCIndeks: 04/07/2016

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