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2012, vol. 37, br. 2, str. 51-60
Metod merenja emisija N2O iz zemljišta posle đubrenja rasipačem mineralnog đubriva
aSlovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Machines and Production Systems, Nitra, Slovak Republic
bSlovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Production Engineering, Nitra, Slovak Republic
cCzech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Agricultural Machines, Prague, Czech Republic

e-adresatomasko.sima@gmail.com
Ključne reči: azotno đubrivo; zemljišne emisije; azotni oksid; merne metode
Sažetak
Upotreba rasipača đubriva je praćena je različitim kvalitetom rada ovih mašina, što može da dovede do lokalnog predoziranja đubriva. Kao posledica toga može se javiti povećana emisija azotnog oksida (N2O) iz zemljišta u atmosferu. Cilj ovog rada je bio poređenje poljskog i laboratorijskog metoda za merenje emisija N2O, oslobođenih iz zemljišta u atmosferu. Za potrebe merenja emisije korišćen je uređaj INNOVA sa mernim sistemom zasnovanim na metodu foto-akustične infracrvene detekcije. Ogled je izveden 10 dana posle đubrenja parcele. Tokom eksperimenta korišćen je rasipač VICON RS-L za rasipanje azotnog đubriva. Utvrđene su statistički značajne razlike između primenjene norme đubrenja i koncentracije N2O oslobođenog iz zemljišta u atmosferu. Poređenjem ova dva metoda nije utvrđena statistički značajna razlika, što ukazuje na mogućnost zamene poljskog laboratorijskim metodom.
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objavljen u SCIndeksu: 22.03.2013.