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Tekstilna industrija
2013, vol. 61, br. 4, str. 11-15
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljeno: 23/12/2013
Proizvodnja i primena enzim lakaze u tekstilnoj industriji
Faculty of Technology, University of Stip, Republic of Macedonia

e-adresa: kiro.mojsov@ugd.edu.mk

Sažetak

Lakaze je bakar-polifenol oksidaza koja deluje na širokom spektru podloga. Postoje različiti izvori organizama za proizvodnju lakaze poput bakterija, fungi i biljaka. Fungi iz deuteromycetes, ascomycetes, basidomycetes su poznati proizvođači lakaze, posebno bele truležne gljive. Trametes versicolor, Chaetomium thermophilium i Pleurotus eryngi su dobro poznati proizvođači lakaze. Tekstilne industrije otpuštaju ogromnu količinu otpada u životnoj sredini, a odlaganje ovog otpada predstavlja veliki problem. Enzimi mogu da detoksifikuju ovaj otpad a nisu štetni po okolinu. Lakaze koriste kiseonik a proizvode vodu kao nuz proizvoda. Njihova osobina da deluju na nizu podloga napravili su ih da budu upotrebljivi za više namena u mnogim industrijama, uključujući tekstilne industrije. Cilj ovog pregleda je da okupi naučne informacije za glavnu biotehnološku proizvodnju fungalne lakaze i njihovu primenu u tekstilnoj industriji.

Ključne reči

Lakaze enzimi; fermentacija čvrstog stanja; oksidacija; fungi

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