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2016, vol. 21, br. 42, str. 155-166
Organsko vinogradarstvo u svetu, Srbiji i regionu
aUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, Čačak
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresaverav@kg.ac.rs
Ključne reči: organska poljoprivreda; organsko vinogradarstvo
Sažetak
Organska proizvodnja je proces koji razvija održive i opravdane agroekosisteme. Povezanost čoveka, poljoprivrede i lokalnih ekoloških uslova, pruža kvalitetnu hranu za ljude, biljke i životinje u zdravoj životnoj sredini. Postoji nekoliko osnovnih principa i ideja koji objašnjavaju proizvodnju organske hrane u ekosistemu. Organsko vinogradarstvo je proizvodnja u kojoj postoji ravnoteža između ekoloških uslova, sorte i načina kultivacije. Dva osnovna faktora koji određuju koncepte su odabir lokacije i utvrđivanje sortimenata. Organsko vinogradarstvo je široko rasprostranjeno uglavnom u mediteranskim zemljama Evrope kao što su Italija, Francuska i Španija. Mediteranska klima sa toplim i suvim letima i stalnim vazdušnim strujama ograničava razvoj bolesti i štetočina na vinovoj lozi. Isti koncept se ogleda u Kaliforniji, SAD-u i Južnoj Africi. U vinogradarskim zemljama sa humidnom klimom primenjuje se drugi koncept organskog vinogradarstva, a to je primena otpornih sorata na bolesti i štetočine. U Rumuniji, Nemačkoj, Mađarskoj, Švajcarskoj i Severnoj Francuskoj zastupljeni su interspecies hibridi i nove otporne sorte. Na severo-istoku Amerike, na granici sa Kanadom, gaje se sorte vrste Vitis labrusca, a na jugu vrste Vitis Rotundifolia. Međutim, u ovim humidnim oblastima presudan je izbor lokacije sa odgovarajućim klimatskim i zemljišnim uslovima. Izbor pogodnih klimatskih uslova je važan i za konvencionalno vinogradarstvo kako bi se dobili najbolji kvalitet grožđa i vina.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.5937/AASer1642155V
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 05.01.2017.
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