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2020, vol. 65, br. 3, str. 199-212
Značaj rotacije useva u intenzivnoj proizvodnji povrća u zaštićenom prostoru
Naučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad

e-adresajanko.cervenski@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Naučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad) (MESTD - 451-03-68/2020-14/200032)

Ključne reči: monokultura; plodored; povrtarske vrste; organska materija
Sažetak
Intenzivna proizvodnja povrća danas predstavlja velikog "potrošača" energije. Proizvođači najviše gledaju ekonomsku stranu ove proizvodnje, što najčešće biva i izgovor za njenu trenutnu realizaciju. Intenziva proizvodnja povrća se danas svodi na gajenje nekoliko povrtarskih vrsta a sve češće u monokulturi. Ovakvim sistemom razmišljanja i gajenja povrća u monokulturi, cela proizvodnja može biti dovedena u neodrživu situaciju. Zbog toga bi trebalo proizvodnju povrća u zaštićenom prostoru organizovati sistemom gajenja pretkulture, glavne kulture i naknadne kulture. Intenzivna proizvodnja povrća trebalo bi da podrazumeva maksimalno dobro organizovano korišćenje raspoloživog zemljišta i resursa. To znači pravilan plodored sa kompletnom agrotehnikom, te poznavanje tržišta kao mogućnosti plasmana viška proizvodnje. Dobrom organizacijom rotacije i vremenskim smenjivanjem useva, zaštićeni prostor možemo pretvoriti u koristan prostor za proizvodnju povrća.
Reference
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.2298/JAS2003199C
primljen: 26.09.2019.
prihvaćen: 05.08.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 23.10.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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