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Ekonomika preduzeća
2017, vol. 65, br. 7-8, str. 480-493
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 26/04/2018
doi: 10.5937/EKOPRE1708480K
Zakon o profesionalnoj rehabilitaciji i zapošljavanju osoba sa invaliditetom kroz objektiv srpskih poslodavaca
aUniverzitet Singidunum, Fakultet za medije i komunikacije - FMK, Beograd
bInternational Labour Office, Serbia

Projekat

The research was conducted within the project 'Multi Sector Approach to Advancing Persons' with Disabilities Fundamental Human Right to Work', supported by the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights Country Based Support Scheme (CBSS). The project beneficiaries are Smart kolektiv, UG Naša kuća and the Responsible Business Forum in Serbia

Sažetak

Položaj osoba sa invaliditetom na tržištu rada i pravo na rad kao jedno od osnovnih ljudskih prava garantovano Ustavom Republike Srbije i međunarodnim konvencijama su česta tema diskusije u akademskoj literaturi i istraživanjima nevladinog sektora. Nakon usvajanja Zakona o profesionalnoj rehabilitaciji i zapošljavanju osoba s invaliditetom (u daljem tekstu: Zakon) u 2009. godini, došlo je do značajnog pomaka u zapošljavanju ove osetljive društvene grupe na tržištu rada u Srbiji. Namera istraživanja bila je razmotriti učinke sprovođenja Zakona iz perspektive poslovnog sektora, kroz stavove i izazove sa kojima se suočavaju poslodavci u praksi. Sprovedena je anketa u kojoj su učestvovala preduzeća iz različitih sektora i veličine, i rezultati su ukršteni sa nalazima iz intervjua s izabranim poslodavcima i predstavnicima državne uprave. Kao rezultat, otkrivene su brojne prepreke kod poslodavaca u pogledu nerazumevanja kod načina primene Zakona, zajedno sa disbalansom između potreba tržišta rada (strana tražnje), i broja i kvaliteta osoba s invaliditetom podobnih za zapošljavanje (strana ponude). U zaključku, date su preporuke za potencijalno poboljšanje Zakona i njegovo približavanje realnim mogućnostima i potrebama poslovnog sektora. Na taj način, poslodavci bi dobili osećaj vlasništva nad ovom značajnom merom socijalnog uključivanja na tržištu rada, uz istovremenu korist od angažovanja osoba sa invaliditetom koji mogu da budu jak motivacioni faktor među zaposlenima.

Ključne reči

osobe sa invaliditetom; poslodavci; zapošljavanje osoba sa invaliditetom; Zakon o profesionalnoj rehabilitaciji i zapošljavanju osoba sa invaliditetom; društvena inkluzija; Srbija

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