Article metrics

  • citations in SCindeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[=>]
  • visits in previous 30 days:13
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:2
article: 9 from 45  
Back back to result list
Nastava i vaspitanje
2018, vol. 67, iss. 3, pp. 419-438
article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
published on: 22/02/2019
doi: 10.5937/nasvas1803419N
Creative Commons License 4.0
Cognitive and personological determinants of creativity indicators in students
Oncology Institute of Vojvodina, Sremska Kamenica



This paper deals with the question of which cognitive characteristics and personality traits characterize individuals with pronounced creative dispositions. The aim of the research was to examine the predictive power of different cognitive and person logical variables regarding two creativity indicators - divergent thinking and creative behavior in students. The sample consisted of students of the Faculty of Philosophy and the Faculty of Sciences in Novi Sad (N = 181). The average age of respondents was 20.09 (SD = 2.19), 87.3% of whom were female and 12.7% male. Multiple regression analysis, F(10, 170) = 4.57, p < .001, suggests that high phonemic fluency, a lower working memory capacity, a high level of openness to experience and low agreeableness were significant predictors of divergent thinking. In the other regression analysis, F(10, 170) = 6.49, p < .001, significant predictors of creative behavior were speed of visual search and visual processing and a high level of openness, while low agreeableness was marginally significant. The results of the study suggest that cognitive characteristics and personality traits are significant determinants not only of divergent production but also of creative behavior. The obtained results have been interpreted with the aim of more effectively identifying creative individuals in the educational context and stimulating their potential.



Aguilar-Alonso, A. (1996) Personality and creativity. Personality and Individual Differences, 21(6): 959-969
Albert, R.S., Runco, M.A. (1999) A history of research on creativity. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, pp. 16-31
Baddeley, A.D. (1990) Human memory: Theory and practice. London: Lawrence Erlbaum
Barron, F. (1955) The disposition toward originality. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 51(3): 478-485
Batey, M. (2007) A psychometric investigation of everyday creativity. London: University College London, doctoral thesis
Batey, M., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Furnham, A. (2009) Intelligence and personality as predictors of divergent thinking: The role of general, fluid and crystallised intelligence. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 4(1): 60-69
Batey, M., Furnham, A. (2006) Creativity, intelligence, and personality: A critical review of the scattered literature. Genetic, Social and General Psychology Monographs, 132(4): 355-429
Batey, M., Furnham, A., Safullina, X. (2010) Intelligence, general knowledge and personality as predictors of creativity. Learning and Individual Differences, 20(5): 532-535
Berger, J., Marković, M., Mitić, M. (1994) Priručnik za Vekslerov individualni test inteligencije. Beograd: Centar za primenjenu psihologiju Društva psihologa Srbije
Carson, S.H. (2011) Creativity and Psychopathology: A Shared Vulnerability Model. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 56(3): 144-153
Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Reichenbacher, L. (2008) Effects of personality and threat of evaluation on divergent and convergent thinking. Journal of Research in Personality, 42(4): 1095-1101
Colzato, L.S., Ozturk, A., Hommel, B. (2012) Meditate to create: The impact of focused-attention and open-monitoring training on convergent and divergent thinking. Frontiers in Psychology, 3(1), 116
Conway, A.R., Kane, M.J., Engle, R.W. (2003) Working memory capacity and its relation to general intelligence. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 7(12): 547-552
Čolović, P., Smederevac, S., Mitrović, D. (2014) Velikih pet plus dva: validacija skraćene verzije. Primenjena psihologija, 7(3-1): 227
Davis, G.A. (2004) Creativity is forever. Iowa: Kendall/Hunt, 5th ed
Dow, G.T. (2003) Creativity test: Guilford's alternative uses task (1967)., March 18, 2018
Eysenck, H.J., Eysenck, M.W. (1985) Personality and individual differences: A natural science approach. New York: Plenum Press
Feist, G.J. (1998) A Meta-Analysis of Personality in Scientific and Artistic Creativity. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2(4): 290-309
Fisk, J., Sharp, C.A. (2004) Age-related impairment in executive functioning: Updating, inhibition, shifting, and access. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 26(7): 874-890
Fugate, C.M., Zentall, S.S., Gentry, M. (2013) Creativity and working memory in gifted students with and without characteristics of attention defcit hyperactive disorder: Lifting the mask. Gifted Child Quarterly, 57(4): 234-246
Furnham, A., Bachtiar, V. (2008) Personality and intelligence as predictors of creativity. Personality and Individual Differences, 45(7): 613-617
Furnham, A., Batey, M., Anand, K., Manfeld, J. (2008) Personality, hypomania, intelligence and creativity. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(5): 1060-1069
Furnham, A., Chamorro-Premuzic, T. (2004) Personality, intelligence, and art. Personality and Individual Differences, 36(3): 705-715
Furnham, A., Crump, J., Batey, M., Chamorro-Premuzic, T. (2009) Personality and ability predictors of the 'Consequences' test of divergent thinking in a large non-student sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(4): 536-540
Furnham, A. (1999) Personality and Creativity. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 88(2): 407-408
Goldberg, L.R. (1993) The structure of phenotypic personality traits. American Psychologist, 48(1): 26-34
Groth-Marnat, G. (2003) Handbook of psychological assessment. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 4th ed
Guilford, J.P. (1967) The nature of human intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill
Guilford, J.P. (1968) Creativity, intelligence, and their educational implications. San Diego, CA: EDITS
Hale, J.B., Hoeppner, J.B., Fiorello, C.A. (2002) Analyzing Digit Span components for assessment of attention processes. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 128-143; 20
John, O.P., Donahue, E.M., Kentle, R.L. (1991) The big five inventory: Versions 4a and 54. Berkeley, CA: University of California-Institute of Personality and Social Research
John, O.P., Srivastava, S. (1999) The Big-Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. New York: Guilford Press, pp. 102-138
Jukić, R. (2010) Metodički stil i takt nastavnika kao poticaj kreativnosti učenika. Pedagogijska istraživanja, 7(2): 291-305
Kim, K.H. (2005) Can Only Intelligent People Be Creative? A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Secondary Gifted Education, 16(2-3): 57-66
King, L.A., Walker, M.L., Broyles, S.J. (1996) Creativity and the Five-Factor Model. Journal of Research in Personality, 30(2): 189-203
Kvaščev, R. (1975) Podsticanje i sputavanje stvaralačkog ponašanja ličnosti. Sarajevo: Svjetlost
Kvaščev, R. (1983) Razvijanje kreativnog ponašanja ličnosti. Sarajevo: Svjetlost
Kwiatkowski, J., Vartanian, O., Martindale, C. (1999) Creativity and speed of mental processing. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 17(2): 187-196
Lewis, T. (2009) Creativity in technology education: providing children with glimpses of their inventive potential. International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 19(3): 255-268
Lezak, M.D. (1995) Neuropsychological assessment. New York: Oxford University Press, 3rd ed
Maslow, A.H. (1971) The farther reaches of human nature. New York: Arkana
Mitrushina, M., Boone, K.B., Razani, J., d'Elia L.F. (2005) Handbook of normative data for neuropsychological assessment. New York: Oxford University Press, 2nd ed
Mumford, M.D. (2003) Where Have We Been, Where Are We Going? Taking Stock in Creativity Research. Creativity Research Journal, 15(2-3): 107-120
Niu, W., Sternberg, R.J. (2006) The philosophical roots of western and eastern conceptions of creativity. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 26(1-2): 18-38
Nusbaum, E.C., Silvia, P.J. (2011) Are intelligence and creativity really so different?, Fluid intelligence, executive processes, and strategy use in divergent thinking. Intelligence, 39(1): 36-45
Pavlović, D.M. (2003) Dijagnostički testovi u neuropsihologiji. Beograd: Grafos
Plucker, J., Beghetto, R., Dow, G. (2004) Why isn't creativity more important to educational psychologists?, Potentials, pitfalls, and future directions in creativity research. Educational Psychologist, 39(2): 83-96
Reitan, R.M. (1955) The relation of the Trail Making Test to organic brain damage. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 19(5): 393-394
Reitan, R.M. (1958) Validity of the trail making test as an indicator of organic brain damage. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 8(7): 271
Renzulli, J.S. (1999) What is This Thing Called Giftedness, and How Do We Develop It? A Twenty-Five Year Perspective. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 23(1): 3-54
Richards, R.L. (2011) A Comparison of Selected Guilford and Wallach-Kogan Creative Thinking Tests in Conjunction With Measures of Intelligence*. Journal of Creative Behavior, 10(3): 151-164
Roca, M., Manes, F., Chade, A., Gleichgerrcht, E., Gershanik, O., Arévalo, G.G., Torralva, T., Duncan, J. (2012) The relationship between executive functions and fluid intelligence in Parkinson's disease. Psycholical Medicine, 42(11): 2445-2452
Rosenthal, E., Riccio, C., Gsanger, K., Jarratt, K.P. (2006) Digit Span components as predictors of attention problems and executive functioning in children. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 21(2): 131-139
Runco, M.A., Acar, S. (2012) Divergent thinking as an indicator of creative potential. Creativity Research Journal, 24(1), 66-75
Runco, M.A. (2004) Creativity. Annual Review of Psychology, 55(1): 657-687
Sako, W., Miyazaki, Y., Izumi, Y., Kaji, R. (2014) Which target is best for patients with Parkinson's disease?, A meta-analysis of pallidal and subthalamic stimulation. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 85(9): 982-986
Salthouse, T.A., Fristoe, N.M. (1995) Process analysis of adult age effects on a computer-administered Trail Making Test. Neuropsychology, 9(4): 518-528
Sanchez-Cubillo, I., Perianez, J.A., Adrover-Roig, D., Rodriguez-Sanchez, J.M., Rios-Lago, M., Tirapu, J., Barcelo, F. (2009) Construct validity of the Trail Making Test: Role of task-switching, working memory, inhibition/ interference control, and visuomotor abilities. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 15(3): 438-450
Sen, A.K., Hagtvet, K.A. (1993) Correlations among creativity, intelligence, personality, and academic achievement. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 77(2): 497-498
Shi, B., Wang, L., Yang, J., Zhang, M., Xu, L. (2017) Relationship between divergent thinking and intelligence: An empirical study of the threshold hypothesis with Chinese children. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 254
Silvia, P.J. (2008) Creativity and Intelligence Revisited: A Latent Variable Analysis of Wallach and Kogan (). Creativity Research Journal, 20(1): 34-39
Soldz, S., Vaillant, G.E. (1999) The Big Five personality traits and the life course: A 45-year longitudinal study. Journal of Research in Personality, 33(2): 208-232
Strauss, E., Sherman, E.M., Spreen, O. (2006) A Compendium of neuropsychological tests: Administration, norms, and commentary. New York: Oxford University Press
Süß, H.M., Oberauer, K., Wittmann, W.W., Wilhelm, O., Schulze, R. (2002) Working-memory capacity explains reasoning ability - and a little bit more. Intelligence, 30(3): 261-288
Tierney, P., Farmer, S.M., Graen, G.B. (1999) An examination of leadership and employee creativity: The relevance of traits and relationships. Personnel Psychology, 52(3): 591-620
Torrance, E.P. (1981) Empirical validation of criterion-referenced indicators of creative ability through a longitudinal study. Creative Child and Adult Quarterly, 6(3): 136-140
Torrance, P.E. (2011) The Minnesota Studies of Creative Behavior: National and International Extensions. Journal of Creative Behavior, 1(2): 137-154
Unsworth, N. (2010) On the division of working memory and long-term memory and their relation to intelligence: A latent variable approach. Acta Psychologica, 134(1): 16-28
Wallace, H.R. (2011) Creative Thinking: A Factor in Sales Productivity. Vocational Guidance Quarterly, 9(4): 223-226
Wallach, M.A., Kogan, N. (1965) Modes of thinking in young children: A study of the creativity-intelligence distinction. Oxford, UK: Holt, Rinehart and Winston
Whiteside, D.M., Kealey, T., Semla, M., Luu, H., Rice, L., Basso, M.R., Roper, B. (2016) Verbal fluency: Language or executive function measure?. Applied Neuropsychology: Adult, 23(1): 29-34
Wiley, J., Jarosz, A.F. (2012) Working memory capacity, attentional focus, and problem solving. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21(4): 258-262
Wolfradt, U., Pretz, J. (2001) Individual differences in creativity: Personality, story writing, and hobbies. European Journal of Personality, 15(4): 297-310
Wuthrich, V., Bates, T.C. (2001) Schizotypy and latent inhibition: Non-linear linkage between psychometric and cognitive markers. Personality and Individual Differences, 30(5): 783-798