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Nastava i vaspitanje
2018, vol. 67, iss. 3, pp. 419-438
article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
published on: 22/02/2019
doi: 10.5937/nasvas1803419N
Creative Commons License 4.0
Cognitive and personological determinants of creativity indicators in students
Oncology Institute of Vojvodina, Sremska Kamenica

e-mail: novakov.ivana@onk.ns.ac.rs

Abstract

This paper deals with the question of which cognitive characteristics and personality traits characterize individuals with pronounced creative dispositions. The aim of the research was to examine the predictive power of different cognitive and person logical variables regarding two creativity indicators - divergent thinking and creative behavior in students. The sample consisted of students of the Faculty of Philosophy and the Faculty of Sciences in Novi Sad (N = 181). The average age of respondents was 20.09 (SD = 2.19), 87.3% of whom were female and 12.7% male. Multiple regression analysis, F(10, 170) = 4.57, p < .001, suggests that high phonemic fluency, a lower working memory capacity, a high level of openness to experience and low agreeableness were significant predictors of divergent thinking. In the other regression analysis, F(10, 170) = 6.49, p < .001, significant predictors of creative behavior were speed of visual search and visual processing and a high level of openness, while low agreeableness was marginally significant. The results of the study suggest that cognitive characteristics and personality traits are significant determinants not only of divergent production but also of creative behavior. The obtained results have been interpreted with the aim of more effectively identifying creative individuals in the educational context and stimulating their potential.

Keywords

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